Contributions of Thanjavur Maratha Kings 2nd Edition

Front and back cover of the book


Reviews  for the book

“Altogether this book is a historical hand book for Thanjavur in general and contribution of Thanjavur Maratha Kings in particular. The author has included rare photographs and informations about Thanjavur that would be useful to researchers. There are many facts and figures listed out about the contributions of Marathas such as Thanjavur band, fusion in music and medicine, performing arts like poykkal kuthirai attam, introduction of western musical instruments like clarinet and violin etc.” –  DR.P.PERUMAL., CONSERVATOR AND LIBRARIAN (RETD) THANJAVUR MAHARAJA SERFOJI’S SARASWATI MAHAL LIBRARY. 


“I appreciate the author, my cousin for portraying the rich culture of this great land and praise him for his efforts.The Maratha flag is saffron in colour and it stands for simple living, high thinking and reminds us to live a life of Dharma for sustainable prosperity for all. The book deals with this lucidly and extensively. I hope the readers are benefited by this book not only to increase their pride but contribute their mite as well.” RAJAH SHREE H.H PRINCE S.BABAJI RAJAH BHONSLE., HEREDITARY TRUSTEE, PALACE DEVASTHANAM.  


“The contributions of the Maratha rulers of Thanjavur is graphically recounted in this valuable book by Prince Pratap Sinh Serfoji RajeBhosle. The book opens with brief history of the cholas and Nayakas. Visit of the great Saint Samartha Ramdas swami,the guru of Chatrapathi Shivaji to Thanjavur is another valuable information. This handy book has several useful and interesting nuggets of information. A well researched book fast paced, easy to read informative, instructive, should adorn the shelf of every knowledgeable youth”.- R.NATARAJ.,retired I. P. S. Present M.L.A, MYLAPORE., CHENNAI TN-600004.

“The author has included the contribution of the rulers of South India who ruled before Maharashtrians like the Cholas and Nayakas. Further on,  the author highlights the cruel manner of the matyrdom of Sambhaji at the hands of Aurangzeb which became in itself a great inspiration for the Marathas. “Sambhaji’s sacrifice invoked a new motivation in Maratha minds and soon they conquered Delhi” says the author. The author brings out the unique influence of Samarta Ramdas on both Shivaji and Sambhaji. Above all,  this is an extremely well timed book. This book gives a glimpse of how this vision was nourished by the Maratha kings of Thanjavur.” PADMA BHUSAN SHREE N.VITTAL., I.A.S., FORMER CENTRAL VIGILANCE COMMISSIONER, GOVT OF INDIA.  

“The author has taken after the footsteps of his forefathers by compiling the contributions of the Maratha kings of Thanjavur into a comprehensive publication. I commend the efforts of the young prince in taking up the immense responsibility of representing the legacy of this Empire and the significance of its rulers. This book will be an excellent source of reference for dancers, musicians, historians, rasikas and readers around the world.”- NATTUVA THILAGAM SRIMATHI INDIRA MANIKAM,KL MALAYSIA


 

“The author has left no stone unturned in making the book authentic, as exhaustive and as interesting as possible. Documenting our proud cultural heritage is a responsibility by itself, and the author has done complete justice, shouldering this task with utmost care. A number of important details, pertaining to the Maratha kings, their contribution to the field of art and culture, their work in respect of education, and keenness in  partaking in many socially relevant activities have all been covered in this book. This book will be of great help to readers, scholars, researchers and history enthusiasts.” KAVITHA RAMU.I.A.S., DIRECTOR OF MUSEUMS, GOVT OF TAMILNADU.  


About the book: 

Book on TamilNadu Kings with the brief history of Chatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj, Dharmaveer Sambhaji Maharaj,their spiritual guru  Swami Samartha Ramdas, Cholas, Nayakas and Indian Classical art-Bharatanatyam. ‘THANJAVUR’ the historical city of Tamilnadu has a rich culture and heritage. Ruled by the Cholas, Pandiyas (for a short period), Nayakas and the Marathas. The Maratha rule in Thanjavur was founded in 1676 A.D by Ekoji alias Venkoji half brother of Chatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj. Maratha Rajas of Thanjavur were scholars themselves and were the patron of arts, literature etc.  Bharatanatyam, carnatic music and theater dramas was flourished during their reign. The staple food of Tamilnadu ‘Sambhar’ was discovered in their kitchen and was named after Dharmaveer Sambhaji Maharaj. The book includes old rare photographs from the Author’s achives. Few photographs are published and brought out   for the first time with prior permissions. The book is included with historical and rare facts which are not known to many, some of them are as follows 👇

  •  King serfoji ll ruler of Thanjavur from 1798 to 1832 A.D was himself expert in treating eye diseases and in performing cataract operations. He was an opthamologist. He was greatly interested in Science and technology. He had in his possession an air pump, an electrifying machine, an ivory skeleton and astronomical instruments for a close study of stars. He made them accessible to students of educational institutions that he established. He established the printing (hand) press in Devanagari type which was first of its kind in Southern India. He also established a stone type press. One of the world largest library Saraswati Mahal library named after him founded in the Nayaks period was developed by him. He added many rare manuscript, foreign books to it’s collection.He founded schools gave free boarding and lodging facilities. He gave importance to Tamil education.He opened up education to girls. He was an engineer as well. He constructed water tanks and number of Wells for civic use. Sadar Mahal Palace was built by him under western engineering talent,which was his residential quarters and  private durbar. Performing arts like drama, dance, music and other art forms were performed at the Sadar Mahal Palace. He installed lightning rods on tower (vimanam) of the Brihadeshwara temple. He commissioned artists to paint murals and frescoes on the temple walls and ceiling. As a patron of Inscriptions, he had the history of the Bhosle dynasty inscribed on the south western wall of the Brihadeshwara temple which is considered to be the lengthiest  inscription in the world.  His travelogue to Kasi has been written in the book. He was one among the four honorary members of the Royal Asiatic Society. A visiting missionary, the Rev Bishop Heber, rightly observes, “I have seen many crowned heads, but not one whose deportment was more princely”. King Serfoji was so deeply loved by his subjects that nearly 90,000 people participated in his funeral procession on 8th March 1832 A.D. The authentic letter has been published in the book. 
  • Chola dynasty ruled Thanjavur 1000 years ago  and their constructions some to be named- Brihadeshwara temple, Kallanai dam etc still exist even today. They were the great engineers and warriors.Raja Raja Cholan’s daughter has completed her Arangetram in Bharatanatyam at Brihadeshwara Temple.
  • King Raghunatha Nayak (Ruler of Thanjavur from 1600 to 1634 A.D) was a composer,musician and a musicologist. He himself was  a great  master in the science and practice of Carnatic music. An expert veena player,scholar and author of numerous works in Telugu was an expert in the laksana and laksya of music. He was the inventor of new ragas like ‘Jayantasena’ and talas like ‘Ramananda’.
  • Chatrapathi Shivaji’s history including his visit to South India, Establishment of Samartha Ramdas swami mutts in Thanjavur including rare photographs from his Thanjavur mutt (Bhimrao Goswami mutt)  Dharmaveer Sambhaji Maharaj’s history, Kanchi sankara mutt’s connection with Thanjavur Maratha Royal Family, Relationship between the Maharashtra and Thanjavur, Origin of Tanjore painting, dolls, art plates, Royal Maratha recipes etc   has been included in the book.

Buy the book ‘Contributions of Thanjavur Maratha Kings-2nd Edition’ from Notionpress.

Below  is the purchase  link for Indian readers (India) 👇👇

Indian readers click here to purchase 

Below is the purchase link for Foreign readers (outside India) 👇👇

Foreign readers (outside India) Click here to purchase 

 Enjoy Reading! Visit Thanjavur.


Dinamani
Vyjanthimala Bali releasing the book in Chennai on 26/12/17

The Hindu 27/12/17

Malaysia Launch 16/12/17
The book was launched in Kuala Lumpur at Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Indian cultural Centre on 16/12/17 followed by the Bharathnatyam recital by Kamini Manikam 

Topeone DatinShree Indirani Samyvelu releasing the  book

Giving a copy of my book to K. Iyyanar., Director NSCB ICC

Tamil Nesan (Malaysian National newspaper) 31/12/17
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Swami Samartha Ramdas visit to TamilNadu and orgin of Harikatha and Samartha Mutt at Thanjavur (with rare photographs)

Maratha rule in Thanjavur was established in 1676 A.D by King Venkoji alias Ekoji. During his rule in 1677 A.D, Samartha Ramdas Swami who was the spiritual guru of Chatrapathi Shivaji the great came to south for Rameshwaram yatra. He visited Mannargudi first. King Venkoji after knowing about Ramdas swami’s visit to Mannargudi,  he went to Mannargudi to invite Samartha Ramdas Swami to Thanjavur. Samartha Ramdas accepted to visit Thanjavur. 

Swami Samartha Ramdas spiritual adviser of Chatrapathi Shivaji the great has visited Thanjavur twice during the period of King Venkoji alias Ekoji and blessed him.

Portrait of Samartha Ramdas Swami at Serfoji Memorial hall museum,Sadar Mahal Palace Thanjavur. Photo Courtesy: Pratap_rpb.

 In 1677, Samartha visited Thanjavur, and left behind his disciples, who went on to establish mutts in Thanjavur. The earliest of these is called locally Peria (big) mutt, and Anantha Muni established a mutt in Mannargudi and Raghava Swami established one at Konur.

In Thanjavur, King Venkoji made him to stay at Samandan kulam where the first Samartha Sampardhaya mutt was installed by Samartha Ramdas. It is also known as Bheemaraja Goswami Mutt (Big mutt). Samartha’s disciple Bheemaswami Shahapurkar was the incharge of that mutt. He lived 66 years in that mutt and Samartha sampardhaya was developed. In his year of 99 he took Samadhi.

Among the Maratha contributions must be mentioned the art of Harikatha. Harikatha has its roots in the kirtan tradition of Maharashtra. Saint Samartha Ramadas, who was born in 1608, gave a theoretical foundation to this art through his work ‘Dasabodha.’

Worshipping at Sajjangad Ram temple where  bronze idols of Rama, Sita, lakshmana and hanuman are installed which were made in Thanjavur and taken to Sajjangad by Samartha Ramdas Swami for Worshipping.

While Samartha gave Thanjavur the art of Harikatha, from which came the art of Harikatha Kalakshepa, Thanjavur showed its gratitude to the saint, in a different way. Samartha is said to have restored the eyesight of a blind Viswakarma of Thanjavur and requested the latter to make bronze idols of Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Anjaneya. Samartha took the idols with him and worshipped them in Sajjanagad, where he attained Samadhi. A temple was built in Sajjanagad and the idols were installed there, and are still being worshipped, proclaiming Thanjavur’s association with the great Maharashtrian saint.

Swami Samartha Ramdas

A puranic story says during the rule of King Pratap Singh (1740-1763 A.D), he met Bheemaswami to see the Ram dharshan. During the time of Ramnavami utsava, Bheemaswami during the Harikatha, he prayed to lord rama “Dhavare Ramaraya” singing a song. During that time the idol of Lord Ram moved automatically two feet forward from the mandap, giving a bright light. That incident made King Pratap singh to know the power of Sampardhaya. He became the devotee and took diksha (mantro padesha). Sethuswami’s mutt who was the disciple of Anantha mouni of Mannargudi-one of the disciple of Samartha Ramdas, was established by King Pratap singh in his Thanjavur court. King Pratap singh took Mantro Upadhesa. Pratap singh maharajah contributed to his guru Sethu Swamy, two temples of lord Ram and Hanuman in the name of Prataparama,in Thanjavur west main street. Now it is named as Vijayarama mandir another temple named as Pratap Veera Hanuman (mulaiahanumar kovil).

Some of the photographs from Thanjavur Sri Bheemaswamy Mutt (Big Mutt).

Kamadenu Vashshishta Maharushi

Bheemraj Goswami’s disciples went on to establish mutts too. Each of the disciples had a particular object that had been used by Bhimraj Swami. Thus the Govindabalaswami mutt in Sakhanaicken Street was established by the disciple who had Bheemraj Swami’s Paduka. The Annaji Bhava mutt in Tanjore South main Street was established by the one who received the kubuddi (stick) and the Joliram mutt was established by the one who received the Joli (biksha bag) of Bheemraj Swami. There is a Bheemaswami mutt in South main Street, the founder of which was in charge of maintaining the samadhi of Bheemraj Swami in Karuntattangudi.

Paduka of Sri Bheemraj Goswami

“About 75 years ago, a great patriot from Maharashtra Nanasaheb Deo travelled all over India, visiting mutts established in the Samartha tradition, and also collecting manuscripts pertaining to Samartha. Interestingly the largest collection of manuscripts – 300 bundles – was from the Joliram mutt. These manuscripts are now in Dhule.”

Portrait of Samartha Ramdas made by his disciple Bheemaswami Shahapurkar.

Many of the manuscripts are in Modi, and contain abhangs and other compositions. There is also correspondence in Modi, written from Sajjanagad to Thanjavur, from 1860 onwards. The postal covers, with the stamps are intact too.
The Joliram math has some very old, beautiful paintings of the lives of the Maratha saints. 

Samartha Ramdas swami dictating dasbodh to Kalyan Swami

The math in Mannargudi, and the one in Sakhanaicken Street too continue despite odds. But the Konur mutt vanished long ago.

Santhancha varnana: Thanjavurche Raje Pratap Singh (1740-1763 A.D)
Sri Veera Maruthi: Shila Vigraha (Thanjavur Sri Bheema Swami Mutt)
Thanjavur Sri Beemaswami mutt deva fraha and mantapa
Tanjore Srimad Dasabodh Parayan Sohala-2011.Samartha Bhaktas Samudayik Parayan
Seetha Kalyanan Rangitchitra: Sant Eknath Kruta Ramayan (Bhavartha)- Balakanda
Sri Martanda Bhairava/manasa Maiasavara Kandoba (Thanjavur Sri Beema swamy mutt)
Sri Bheemaswami Samadhi- Bhavu Swami
Sri Samartha Ramdas Swami and Sri Bheemaswami
Sri Samartha Ramdas shishya- Sri Bheemaswami Sahapurkar with Shishya Ramanatha Swamy and Shishya Seenappa Swamy.
Painting at Joliram Mutt
A depiction of the saint’s life at Joliram Mutt

Performing rituals at Sajjangad Swami Samartha Ramdas samadhi

Paduka of Samartha Ramdas Swami
View from Sajjangad fort
A rare manuscript at Thanjavur Maharaja Serfoji’s Saraswati Mahal Library shows a royal personage and his preceptor in small illumunations on either side of a horizontal page.On the title page of ‘Atmarama Grantha’ of 1820 A.D, the two portraits are of King Shivaji the great on the left and Samartha Ramdas swami- his guru on the right. King Shivaji sits with hands folded obeisance his sword on the ground. Swami Samartha Ramdas is seated,and his hands are in the teaching posture behind him is a bolster and he wears a tiger fleece hide over his shoulders. Courstesy: TMSSML

Dasabodam (Dasbodh) A philosophical work by Samartha Ramdas Swami written in OVI metre in marathi.This was translated into Tamil and delivered as a lecture by Madhoba Ratnakarar head of a mutt. Gopaladasam copied these Tamil lectures during the narration, as revealed in the colophon of the manuscript.

Samartha is of opinion that only those who conduct the house hold life successfully are competent to be a  Mumukshu (seekers of divine knowledge).

This has been published by TMSSML and edited in two parts.

Satara Bhonsle Royal family are still the patrons of Sajjangad. In the Photo, Shree Shivaji Raje Bhosle of Adalat Rajwada, Satara-uncle of Chatrapathi Udayan Maharaj at Sajjangad fort.
Here in this photo, 14th descendent of King Venkoji alias Ekoji of Thanjavur Sadar Mahal Palace at Sajjangad fort posing with a sword given by Chatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj to Swami Samartha Ramdas.

Thanks to Sri Ramachandran B. Keskar,descendent of Sri Bheemraj Goswami  and incharge of Thanjavur Bheemraj Goswami Mutt for helping out with the text.

Photo Courtesy: Sri Bheemraj Goswami Mutt,Thanjavur. 

Bhonsale Ghat and Manikarnika Ghat at Varanasi (Kasi) was built by Maratha King of Nagpur and Thanjavur.

Varanasi which is also known as Banaras or Kasi is one of the oldest living cities in the world.

“Varanasi is older than history, Older than Tradition,older even than legend and looks twice as old as all of them put together”

-Mark Twain- author of  famous novel ‘Adventures of Huckleberry fine and Tom Sawyer’ wrote after his visit to Varanasi and was also attracted by its sanctity.

Varanasi (Kasi) is called the home of Lord Shiva, Situated between two rivers ‘Varna’ and ‘Ashi’. This place is the holiest of holies for Hindus and believed to bestow all happiness, prosperity and Salvation (Mukti) to all visitors. In addition to god Visweswara and Goddess Gowri, Annapurna is also presiding over the area and she bestowed food (Anna) to all devotees who visited Kasi. 

In 1821, King Serfoji the second of Thanjavur stayed in “Thirupanandal Mutt” during his Yatra to Varanasi.

Important temples in Varanasi: Kasi Vishwanath Temple also known as the Golden Temple dedicated to lord Shiva, Annapurana Temple of Devi Annapurna near Kasi Visnwanath temple, Sankatha temple of Devi Sankatha near the Scindia Ghat where the huge statue of a lion and nine more temples are seen, Kalbhairav temple one of the ancient temple in Kasi believed as without his permission no one can stay in Kasi. Mritunjay Mahadev temple  of lord Shiva,Just beside this temple there is a well of much religious importance, whose water is said to be mixture of several underground streams and good for eliminating several diseases. Durga Temple built in 18th century with beautiful stonework.There is a pond adjacent to that temple called ‘Durgakund’, Sankatmochan temple of lord Hanuman founded by Goswami Tulsidas known as ‘Monkey Temple’, Bharat Mata Temple inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1936 houses maps of India carved out of marble, other modern temples are Tulsi Manas Temple dedicated to Lord Rama and New Vishwanath Temple in the premises of Banaras Hindu University.

Ghats of Kasi: There are 84 ghats,where each of the ghats have their own stories.

  • Assi Ghat
  • Ganga mahal ghat
  • Rewan ghat
  • Tulsi Ghat
  • Bhadaini Ghat
  • Janaki Ghat
  • Mata Anandami Ghat
  • Vaccharaja Ghat
  • Jain Ghat
  • Nishad Ghat
  • Prabhu Ghat
  • Panchkota Ghat
  • Cheta Singh Ghat
  • Niranjani Ghat
  • Mahanirvani Ghat
  • Shivala Ghat
  • Gularia Ghat
  • Dandi Ghat
  • Hanuman Ghat
  • Prachina or Hanumanana Ghat
  • Karnataka Ghat
  • Harish Chandra Ghat
  • Lali Ghat
  • Vijayanagaram Ghat
  • Kedar Ghat
  • Caowki Ghat
  • Someswara Ghat
  • Manasarovara Ghat
  • Narada Ghat
  • Raja Ghat
  • Khori Ghat
  • Pandey Ghat
  • Sarvesvara Ghat
  • Digpatia Ghat
  • Causatthi Ghat
  • Rana Mahala Ghat
  • Munsi Ghat
  • Darabhanga Ghat
  • Ahilyabai Ghat
  • Sitala Ghat
  • Mehta Ghat
  • Rama Ghat
  • Jatara Ghat
  • Raja Gwalior Ghat
  • Mangala Gauri Ghat
  • Venimadhava Ghat
  • Pancaganga Ghat
  • Durga Ghat
  • Brahma Ghat
  • Bundi parakota Ghat
  • Sitala Ghat
  • Lala Ghat
  • Hanumanagardhi Ghat
  • Gaya Ghat
  • Badri Nayarana Ghat
  • Trilocana ghat
  • Gola Ghat
  • Nandesavara Ghat
  • Sakka Ghat
  • Telianala Ghat
  • Naya Ghat
  • Prahalada Ghat
  • Raja Ghat
  • Adi Keshava Ghat
  • Dasahwamedha Ghat
  • Prayag Ghat
  • Rajendra prasad Ghat
  • Man Mandir Ghat
  • Tripura Bhairavi Ghat
  • Mir Ghat
  • Phuta Ghat
  • Nepali Ghat
  • Lalitha Ghat
  • Bauli Ghat
  • Jalasayi Ghat
  • Khirki Ghat
  • Manikarnika Ghat
  • Bajirao Ghat
  • Scindia Ghat
  • Sankatha Ghat
  • Ganga Mahal Ghat
  • Bhosale Ghat
  • Naya Ghat
  • Ganesa Ghat

Bhonsale Ghat on the bank of the river Ganga was built by Maratha king of Nagpur. It was repaired and renovated in 1795 A.D. It has three heritage temples:

  1. Lakshminarayan Temple
  2. Yameshwar Temple
  3. Yamaditya Temple
Bhonsale Ghat., Photo Courtesy: Ashish Tibrewal

Manikarnika Ghat  on the bank of Ganga river was built by King Serfoji ll of Thanjavur during his pilgrimage to Kasi. 

Manikarnika Ghat in 1922

In commemoration of his Pilgrimage to Kasi, King Serfoji ll constructed the Manikarni Keshwara Swamy temple in the same street in front of his Sankara Vilasa Palace at Thanjavur.


King Serfoji ll’s Travelogue to Kasi and Calcutta:

Ancient Mural of King Serfoji ll at Brahadeshwara Temple,Thanjavur.

To be Continued……..

Top 25 tips to change your life

Get more out of life!                   

You may feel at times that you are stuck in a rut, doing the same things week after week, or maybe even doing next to nothing at all. This may make you feel that it’s time to make a fresh start or consider changing certain things — so that you can begin to get the most out of life!

Travel the world

If it’s possible, then you should make sure you fit some travelling in. Okay, so you might not have the time or the funds to go on a round-the-world trip, but it certainly is a truism that ‘travel broadens the mind’. If you can’t manage that backpacking trip around the globe, then consider going to some far away location where the experience will be totally different — perhaps even life-changing — rather than settling for the usual two weeks in the same destination.

Change job

If your job is getting you down, then change it. The only thing preventing you finding something that you’ll enjoy more is you. If only people could put as much energy into finding a new job as they do into moaning about it, then they could make a major change to their lives. Your workplace is where you spend a large proportion of your time, so it’s important to try and be as happy there as you can be.

Sell your house

Your home and affording it might be one of your greatest sources of worry, so a simple solution would be to remove that worry from the equation. Do you really need that spare bedroom when you could quite easily cope in a smaller house? Downsizing and moving to a smaller (and likely cheaper) property will make it a lot easier to manage, will remove one of your major worries, and may free up some funds for you to actually start enjoying yourself a bit!

Do volunteer work

Volunteering makes us feel good about ourselves while we do something practical to help others. Volunteering also inevitably means having greater opportunities to meet other people. You could think about volunteering for an overseas project in a Third World country — which is bound to have an impact on your outlook — or you could simply give up a few hours a week to help an elderly person do their shopping. In any case, realising you are more fortunate than others while you do your charity work will have a profound and lasting effect on you.

Change your routine

Having a regular routine can be a safe option, but can make your life a little more exciting as well. Try changing something in your routine, such as taking a different route or method of transport into work. If you’re one of those people who usually says ‘I can’t do that on Tuesday because I normally do … .’, then break that cycle and try to do things in a more spontaneous manner. Just because it’s Friday doesn’t mean you always have to eat fish!

Have a goal

Always have a goal in mind — whether it is saving up for that new car or that trip around the world, or alternatively realising some career ambition. If you don’t have anything to look forward to, then you can quickly become bogged down and will be effectively just living to work rather than the other way round. Having a target to work towards keeps you motivated and helps prevent you from just drifting along and falling into a rut — so make sure you always have a particular goal in mind.

Do something that scares you

There’s nothing that quite makes you feel as good about yourself as overcoming a fear by completing a challenge. If there’s something that you’ve perhaps always fancied doing but have been too scared to do it, then just go for it! There are many people out there who have been skydiving, for example, and described leaping out of a plane as a ‘life-changing experience’ — and then have gone on to complete challenge after challenge because of the buzz they get from it.

You may feel at times that you are stuck in a rut, doing the same things week after week, or maybe even doing next to nothing at all. This may make you feel that it’s time to make a fresh start or consider changing certain things — so that you can begin to get the most out of life!

The following realbuzz.com guide gives you 25 top tips to change your life for the better — so get reading and plan some changes!

Travel the world

If it’s possible, then you should make sure you fit some travelling in. Okay, so you might not have the time or the funds to go on a round-the-world trip, but it certainly is a truism that ‘travel broadens the mind’. If you can’t manage that backpacking trip around the globe, then consider going to some far away location where the experience will be totally different — perhaps even life-changing — rather than settling for the usual two weeks in the same destination.

Change job

If your job is getting you down, then change it. The only thing preventing you finding something that you’ll enjoy more is you. If only people could put as much energy into finding a new job as they do into moaning about it, then they could make a major change to their lives. Your workplace is where you spend a large proportion of your time, so it’s important to try and be as happy there as you can be.

Sell your house

Your home and affording it might be one of your greatest sources of worry, so a simple solution would be to remove that worry from the equation. Do you really need that spare bedroom when you could quite easily cope in a smaller house? Downsizing and moving to a smaller (and likely cheaper) property will make it a lot easier to manage, will remove one of your major worries, and may free up some funds for you to actually start enjoying yourself a bit!

Do volunteer work

Volunteering makes us feel good about ourselves while we do something practical to help others. Volunteering also inevitably means having greater opportunities to meet other people. You could think about volunteering for an overseas project in a Third World country — which is bound to have an impact on your outlook — or you could simply give up a few hours a week to help an elderly person do their shopping. In any case, realising you are more fortunate than others while you do your charity work will have a profound and lasting effect on you.

Change your routine

Having a regular routine can be a safe option, but can make your life a little more exciting as well. Try changing something in your routine, such as taking a different route or method of transport into work. If you’re one of those people who usually says ‘I can’t do that on Tuesday because I normally do … .’, then break that cycle and try to do things in a more spontaneous manner. Just because it’s Friday doesn’t mean you always have to eat fish!

Have a goal

Always have a goal in mind — whether it is saving up for that new car or that trip around the world, or alternatively realising some career ambition. If you don’t have anything to look forward to, then you can quickly become bogged down and will be effectively just living to work rather than the other way round. Having a target to work towards keeps you motivated and helps prevent you from just drifting along and falling into a rut — so make sure you always have a particular goal in mind.

Do something that scares you

There’s nothing that quite makes you feel as good about yourself as overcoming a fear by completing a challenge. If there’s something that you’ve perhaps always fancied doing but have been too scared to do it, then just go for it! There are many people out there who have been skydiving, for example, and described leaping out of a plane as a ‘life-changing experience’ — and then have gone on to complete challenge after challenge because of the buzz they get from it.

Write your autobiography

Putting down in writing your own life will inevitably make you think about it — including those things that have gone right so far and those that haven’t. Although you’ll not necessarily intend to let other people read it (although it might let others understand you better if you do!), it will help you to reassess your life and think about the direction in which you want it to go. It may also be a good way of exorcising some of your demons and reinforcing your beliefs.

Get more active

If your lifestyle has consisted of coming home from work and slumping in front of the TV every evening, then it might be time for a change of tack. We’re not necessarily talking about becoming an Olympic athlete, of course — but we are suggesting you get more active. You could introduce some exercise into your day simply by walking — for example by taking the stairs instead of the elevator. And if you take some more rigorous exercise, then it’s likely you’ll start feeling a lot healthier in a short space of time.

Get a new image

Your image might be the one thing you feel is holding you back and making you lack confidence. If you’ve had the same old tired look for ages, then it may be time to change your appearance in some way. Spend some money on yourself and get a new hairstyle, buy a new wardrobe of clothes, and just do things to make you feel as though you are special. It amazing how you can feel more comfortable and confident in certain clothes when you make the effort — so make an effort more often!

Sleep more/less

Some people just don’t get enough sleep, while others have far too much — the end result of which will be a feeling of constant tiredness. Getting the right amount of sleep will leave you more alert and able to relish doing things and get more out of experiences during your waking hours. Plus, one added bonus of sleeping less is that it enables you to fit more things into your day. After all, as they say, ‘you can sleep when you’re dead’

Change your diet

‘You are what you eat’ is a much-used phrase, and it may be that your diet is making you feel pretty rotten. Just changing a few things can have positive health benefits as well as give you more energy and make you feel better all round. Of course, there’s a lot of advice out there (some of it contradictory!) — but generally, eating everything in moderation is the best way to go. Also, making sure you drink enough water and get your five portions of fruit and veg are two of the golden rules to follow.

Change your outlook

If you think negative thoughts all the time then that’s exactly how you’ll feel! Smiling a lot and being positive will transform you into a more optimistic person. It has been said that people are only as happy as they allow themselves to be — and if you can put aside negative thoughts and be more optimistic, then that will transfer itself to how you feel about life in general. There is even evidence to suggest that people who smile a lot actually live longer!

Change your friends

There are some people who can just drag you down or use you as an emotional crutch for their negativity. While we may want to be there for people when they need us, there is no need to be constantly brought down to their level. Some people can be just plain bad for you and surround you with so many negative vibes that you just don’t want to listen to them anymore. If that’s the case, then don’t put yourself through it and get some new friends instead!

Read more

Books are often a great source of inspiration, and new ideas and can often have a major impact on you. There are people who will swear by certain ideas put forward in a book and actually live their life by them. Autobiographies of people who have overcome insurmountable odds or had that certain stroke of luck that we’re all looking for can often act as a great inspiration — and may even lead you to consider making some life-changing decisions.

Buy a pet

Owning a pet is thought to have health benefits such as helping lower blood pressure and being good for your general mood. Having a pet — in particular a dog — will lead to increased activity levels because they need to be taken for regular exercise. Pets can also help to relieve your stress and anxiety by promoting laughter and affectionate behaviour.

Have a baby

Many people consider this to be perhaps the most life-changing experience of them all! The birth itself can be such a significant moment in people’s lives — including the mother, father and other relations. Of course, parents often spend much of the rest of their lifetime caring for their children, even when they’ve fled the nest — so you need to recognise the impact it will have on you (emotionally, physically, and financially) before you decide to have a baby. However, the positives of having children far outweigh any negatives.

Say ‘yes’ more often

Don’t be the sort of person that is always turning an invitation down. If you say ‘no’ that often, then people will eventually stop asking! So, stop looking for excuses not to go out, and make a promise to yourself never to turn an invite down (within reason, of course!). You never really know what is going to happen — and it’s quite often the nights out that you initially have low expectations of that end up being the most enjoyable.

Watch less television

The number of hours of television being watched by many people these days is so great that, after the time you spend asleep and in work, it is probably the one activity that takes up most of your time. Watching less TV will free you up to follow other (hopefully more healthy) pursuits. Making this change will have a positive and radical impact on your life — and also on your general health.

Give up alcohol

Too many people rely on alcohol as a means of relaxation or escapism, and while there are some health benefits from drinking alcohol in moderation (red wine being a good example), the benefits of not drinking cannot be stressed enough. Try giving up alcohol — even just for a trial period — to see if you feel any better. Realistically, most of us are not going to become teetotallers, but the there are many people who have given up and not regretted it whatsoever.

Find a new hobby/enrol on a class

There’s probably something you’ve always wanted to have a go at but keep putting off. But there’s nothing to lose by trying something out — and it may be that if you do enjoy whatever activity you choose, it will become a regular part of your life. Many people become so ‘addicted’ to certain activities that they become obsessive about them — in a good way! — or even end up following a career path connected to that hobby or pastime. So why not check out what classes there are in your area and sign up to one of them?

Employ the ‘three-minute rule’

Write down three things you have been trying to achieve — whether it’s changing bank, sorting out your photo album or a career change — and give yourself a month to get them done. When you decide to tackle one of your chosen tasks, set your alarm clock to buzz you in three minutes, then concentrate on the task in hand. You’ll find that once you have broken the fear of starting something, you’ll be fired up to get it done.

Conquer stress

It sounds simple, but if you stop worrying about something then that will eradicate much of the stress. Some people are naturally able to cope better with stress than others, but at the end of the day what good does stressing out about something do you? If you calmly look at the problem and ask yourself, ‘Can I do something about it?’, then there either will or won’t be a solution to a particular problem. Things usually work out in the end, making all the stress that went before it seem so unnecessary — so quit stressing!

Treat yourself

It’s not always possible to put yourself first, and all too often people actually forget that they deserve to be treated well too. If you keep waiting for others to treat you well, then it might never happen. Make a resolution to treat yourself every now and again by putting yourself first, so that you get what you deserve at regular intervals. It’s the one way of guaranteeing that at least one person is going to be good to you in your life — and that person is you!

It’s your life, so live it!

Keep reminding yourself that it’s your life and you are the one responsible for making yourself happy. Other people can add to your happiness, but ultimately it comes down to you to get the most out of life, as nobody else can force you into making positive changes which may improve your lot. So, don’t keep waiting for things to happen for you, as life may just pass you by. Instead, take each day by the scruff of the neck, and learn to make the most of the time you have.

Heartfelt Thanks to Kiran Kumar (Philosopher, Life coach) for helping me out for this article.

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Remembering Maharana Pratap of Mewar on his 477th Birth Anniversary (28/5/2017)

Remembering the Great Rajput warrior, Maharana Pratap of #Mewar on his Jayanti (477th birth anniversary). His courage, self-sacrifice & valour will live on forever.

A Great warrior who never surrendered to  Mughal Emperor Akbar, at the time when almost all the kings in India surrendered​ to him, but MahaRana Pratap stood alone against Akbar and fought bravely.

Maharana Pratap was born on May 9, 1540 at Kumbhalgarh near Udaipur. His birthday is celebrated on 28th May 2017 according to Tritiya Tithi.

Maharana Pratap Statue photographed in 1967

Know about King Maharana Pratap of Mewar…

1. The battle of #Haldighati was fought between Mughal Emperor Akbar and Maharana Pratap on June 18, 1576 AD. This battle between Akbar and Maharana Pratap proved to be devastating like the Mahabharata war.

2. It is believed that neither Akbar could win the battle of Haldighati nor did Rana lose. If the military had more power in the Mughals, then Rana Pratap had no lack of belligerent power.

3. Maharana Pratap’s spear was weighing 81 kg and his chest cover was 72 kg. His spear, armor, shield, and two swords together, weighed 208 kg.

4. In the battle of Haldi valley Maharana Pratap had only 20,000 soldiers and Akbar had 85,000 soldiers. Despite this, Maharana Pratap did not give up and kept fighting for independence.

5. It is said that Akbar had sent 6 peace envoys to explain Maharana Pratap, which could end the war peacefully, but Maharana Pratap rejected his proposal every time saying this saying that the Rajput warrior will never tolerate it can not do.

6. Maharana Pratap had a total of 11 marriages in his life. It is said that they had all these marriages for political reasons.

7. Maharana Pratap was called in the name of Kika in childhood.

8. Maharana Pratap’s most beloved horse was Chetak. Like the Maharana Pratap, his horse Chetak was also very brave.

9. It is said that when the Mughal army was behind them during the war, Chetak had crossed the feet of a few feet long by sitting on his back, Maharana Pratap. Today also the remains of Chetak in Chittoor’s Haldi valley.

10. In the Battle of Haldighati, there was only one Muslim commander on behalf of Maharana Pratap – Hakim Khan Suri.

11. Maharana Pratap who fought till the last breath to save Mewar, rejecting the offer of running Raj in Mewar 6 times, assuming Akbar as the king. They did not accept the rule of any ‘foreign’.

12. His faithful horse Chetak was killed due to severe injuries in the battle of Haldighati. But this Shahadat gave him a lot of prominence.

13. Maharana Pratap had 17 sons and 5 daughters. Amar Singh, born of the queen Ajabhade, became his successor.

14. His own son betrayed and handed over to Mewar Akbar after the death of Maharana Pratap.

Our sincere tribute to the great king of Mewar. Wishing you all happy Maharana Pratap jayanti.
 #Homage #Greatwarrior #Mewar #Udaipur #Rajasthan #India #tributefrom #Thanjavur #Tanjore #Tamilnadu #MarathaRoyalfamily #SadarMahal_Palace #marathas #maharashtra #jaibhavanijaishivaji #Vazhgavalamudan #jaishivray #jaimewar #jaimaratha #india #jaihind

Your life,Your choice.No Matter how good your heart is, Eventually You have to  Start treating people the way they treat you. Forget all the bullshit and drama and live your life with a  sexy smile on your face 😊

There are many people who complain of being used and trust the wrong and Fake people and end up being depressed or keep on complaining. Do really complaining makes or gives any change? 

We live in a  corporate world where people use each other and find people who are benefitary for them. True friendship, True love is very difficult to find and to get now a days. 

Loving yourself when no one is there to love you,is one of the bravest thing.

We scream and talk about  issues but the result of it will always remain the same without any changes or differences. 

Do not waste your time on someone who only wants you around when it fits their needs.

We can’t expect the world to be as how we need or want. Everything in this world and persons have multiple faces. Where we are, has a good as well as bad things. It is upon an individual and his area of interest whether to focus and concentrate on Bad  or on good things. 

Enjoy your own company than expecting someone to make you happy.

We stay in a society where mentality of people cannot be blammed. Everyone have their own choice of living and attitude. If you are being disturbed or hate anyone’s way of lifestyle and attitude,the dust is in your eyes and problem is in your mentality not with those who you hate.

Courtesy: Betiyan

Karma’s law is very simple. Do good to happen good with you. Life is also very simple like karma.It’s us who make our life very complicated like extra marital affairs, relationships etc. 

If  a man gives you Loyalty, treat him like Royalty.

Courtesy: OneGoodQuote

Every problem has a solution. We have to dig to find the solution. It may take time but you will find it, because good things are always hidden and its difficult to find it. 

98% of your problems would be solved if you stopped overthinking things and calmed the fuck down.

A problem to a person starts when he takes his success or achievements to his head instead of keeping it low key. Ego,jealous and being high headed  kills a person.

“Worrying is stupid.Its like walking around with an umbrella waiting for it to rain”- Wiz Khalifa

To lead a happy life burn your ego,jealousness and arrogance and start loving  what you do and be proud of what you have. Ignore and never bother of what disturbes you. Never expect anything from others. Do it all by your own because you are the king of your own universe and your life, your way. 

Courtesy: Powerofpositivity.com

“Wrong People will distract you and Right people will Motivate you”

There are two types of people in this world as you all might know, Real people and Fake people.

As commonly mentioned like Real people as genuine, helping, caring, adorable, humbled,sensitive etc and fake people as cheaters, liers, frauds, cunning etc. I would like to mention them in a very practical way,  real people  are those who are straight forward with their hands kept clean and help others without having any expectations from them and keep true friendship/relationship with others from their heart  without looking for their own benefit. Fake people are those who talk back of you keeping a fake smile in front of you. They keep relations just for their own benefit or to destroy you. Don’t let fake people to ruin or disturb your life. Ignore fake people to have a peacefull and happy life.

Forget the things that make you sad and remember the things that make you happy.

You have a special place in the world. All you have to do is find it. Do not give up on yourself, on the truths you have realized. Do not give in to those who would crush your dreams like nutshells. And never turn away from forever love.

Sometimes you have to leave not for Ego but for Self respect 

Let go of all your frustrations and past worst experiences. Nothing is more valuable than your life, self respect and dignity. Live with pride and worries burried. Respect people who respects you or walk away from their life. Never allow anyone to degrade, understimate you or you do to others. If you are being molested you should have the courage and its your right  to fight back. Be yourself, People don’t have to like you and you don’t have to care.

Courtesy: Noteforself

According to  law, Everybody are equal and have equal benefits in this world, though the  color of skin varies but the blood in everybody’s body is same and equally flown.. But unfortunately because of some haters and anti social elements showing their racial discriminating attitude and degrading, underestimating people who are lower to them or of other caste or religion- Polute the peace, beauty of our society and mankind.

Ignoring these type of antisocial, racist elements and by not  letting their cheap behavior  getting  into your head and by not getting disturbed and without responding them once you are betrayed, you can have a better life  without stressing more. 

Care less you will be less stressed.

Courtesy: Agentsteven

Life will be easier and peacefull when you identify the right people before you give them space in your heart. 

We may love the wrong person, cry for the wrong reason,but one thing is for sure, mistakes help us to find the right person.

Stay Positive even when it feels like your whole world  is falling apart.

“The greatest discovery of my generation is that a human being can alter his life by altering the attitudes of his mind.”

Some people change themselves after having worst experience or situations in their life.Even some youngsters who are with bad companions change themselves and get addicted to their  behaviour and lifestyle.If that youngster is the real person he will be changed to fake person becouse of his bad compinions and surroundings. Note one thing never change yourself for others or even after your worst experiences or situations. Stay strong and try to face your problems. Failure is a stepping stone to success. Never be afraid of failures or bother about what people will talk about us. When you fail you learn from the mistakes you made and it motivates you to work even harder.

Positive thinking will let you do everything better than negative thinking will

Everything will come to you at the right time. Be patient and trust the process.

One should know to self control himself and his emotions. If a teetotaller is surrounded by 10 persons smoking and drinking alcohol in a party, it dosent mean that he should also smoke and drink just to maintain his social status and reputation in a fear of getting mocked by them just because he is a teetotaller.

Don’t follow the crowd; Stay true to Yourself

Courtesy: OneGoodQuote

Life has many different chapters of story. One bad chapter dosen’t mean it’s the end of the book.Read whole book to take good chapters.

A bad attitude can literally block Love, Blessings,and distiny from finding you. Don’t be the reason you don’t succeed.

Author of Secrets of The Millionaire Mind, T. Harv Eker, suggested that the secret to success isn’t balance — it’s knowing who you are.

4 simple rules:

  1. Wake up early
  2. Work harder than you think you did yesterday
  3. Never go more than 3 days without exercise
  4. Make time to read every single day.

There is no right or wrong way. But by knowing how you work and think, you can become more successful, more productive — and a lot happier.

Do what you love and chase your passions, Money will come finding you

“To give due focus and quality attention to all areas of life, you have to decide what kind of person you are.”

Three types of people to surround yourself with:

  • The Inspired
  • The exicted
  • The grateful

No matter how you feel. Get up, dress up, Show up and never give up. 

Your independent is your gift,Utilise it carefully rather than misusing it.The value of it is not known until we are dependent.

Worry less, smile more. Don’t regret just learn and grow. Remove anything that gives you a negative vibe and watch how your life shifts.

Motivation is the art of getting people to do what you want them to do because they want to do it. Keep motivating and encouraging. 

Always remember, Challenges makes you more responsible.The life without struggle is a life without success.Don’t give up and learn not to quit.


 Being a writer is not less than an  artist. He/she has to learn,  experience,feel, work on it before  writing on a subject he/she desires.    -RPB-


This article is Written based on Writer’s thoughts.

© Prataprpb.wordpress.com Www.facebook.com/BestWaysToComeUpInLife

When  Vinayaka Mudaliar  (who was an ardent believer in Hinduism and a carpenter in the Nawab’s court)  visited Thanjavur Palace, he was gifted by King Serfoji ll  his signed Portrait (now the sign is not seen in that portrait) after Mudaliar’s  request. Mudaliar liked to collect paintings,dolls from the places  he visit. To mark his visit to Thanjavur Palace and his meet with  H.H King Serfoji ll, he requested The Rajah of Tanjore to present him his portrait.

 

Antique Portrait of Thanjavur King Serfoji ll  well preserved and displayed For visitors at Vyasarpadi Vinayaga Mudaliar Charities, Mylapore on south side of Kapaleshwara Temple which Holds as an Art gallery once in a year at the month of March/April. This house of Vinayaka Mudaliar (who lived between 1803 and 1869, was a carpenter in the Nawab’s court) now a choultry and marriage hall transforms into art gallery during Panguni (Kapaleshwara Temple) Festival.

The art gallery gets lot of visitors and is  crowded till it is closed because of Kapaleshwara temple car/Panguni festival (10 days) at Mylapore. The saddest thing is that many who visit this art gallery are totally not aware or know whose antique portraits are these displayed there, including the caretakers who are incharge to look after the art gallery. There are 150 years old paintings of famous kings named Swati Thirunal of Travancore, King Serfoji ll (seen in the pic), Muslim kings maybe Akbar or Tippu Sultan. Each  expensive  paintings of every personalities displayed there has its own history and story how it came to this house, but the history or the name of the kings in the painting are not existed or displayed For the visitors which results for visitors turning back blindly after visiting such a noteworthy  place. 

Every year when I visit this art gallery I intentionally ask the name of the king in the portraits available there and their history to the caretakers or few visitors just to check the knowledge of our people related to Tamilnadu’s historical past and antiquity etc and the answers which I listen will displease me and sometimes shock me.  

Yesterday when I visited this art gallery I decided and made myself not to open my mouth until I visit and go out of this gallery and with sparkling eyes and admiration when I was looking at my great great grandfather’s portrait one middle aged man asked me about the portrait- “Ithe patha rombo paleya kaaluku oviyam mathari theriyadu” (it looks like a very old painting)

I replied Aama, ethu 150+ varusam paleya oviyam..  (yes, it is 150+ years old portrait)
He: Adengappa!!! Avaru yaaru?? (wow!! Who is he??) 
Me: Thanjavur Raja (Tanjore King)
He: kelvi pathade elliye, Thanjavur le Raja va?? (didn’t heared about it, Rajah in Thanjavur???)
Me: said about King Serfoji’s history
He: (after listening to the history) avar epaer patta aalu, enake avar kaal le velanum pola thonadu. Nenga yavalavu therunji vechikuringle, neenga history student aa?? (what a man he is,  I feel to seek his blessings. You are knowing that much of things are you an history student?)
Me: with a pleasing smile replied ‘aama’ (yes) 
That man might be thrilled and shocked  if he came to know that I am  his 6th descendent but i didn’t reveal  to him.
When I asked one caretaker to confirm one of the names of Muslim king in the portrait, he just replied “therileye Thambi, Rombo varusama enge thaan euruku” (I don’t know brother it is here for many years).
 Mylapore is a place which is well known for Kapaleshwara temple, Sai Baba temple and Luz church apart from such divined places there are also many unassuming heritage places including Ramakrishna mutt,house of Vinayaga Mudaliyar even the locals there are not aware of it or its history. Steps have to be taken to remember those eminent personalities and heritage buildings and spread the knowledge about these  to maximum ppl including the locals who are surviving there for their daily wages and locals who resides there.
The house of Vysarpadi Vinayaka Mudaliar now known as “Bommai Chathiram”, houses a collection of antique paintings and hand-crafted dolls which are priceless, rare, and are of historic value. Exhibited only during the course of 10 days temple festival, the items are later locked up and kept away from the view of the public.The paintings were the private collections of Vysarpadi Vinayaka Mudaliar, who was an ardent believer in Hinduism and wanted to spread it. It is documented that nearly 70 poets sang in praise of him including Tamil Thatha Dr. Swaminatha Iyer. During his time, while the Panguni festival was on, Mudaliar exhibited his collection of paintings depicting Hindu gods and goddesses. Mudaliar was as a carpenter in the Nawab’s court. Impressed by his workmanship, the Nawab showered him with gifts, with which he bought this place next to the Kapaleeshwarar Temple.

According to his Will, he desired that after his death the place be used for giving ‘annadanam’ during the Dwadasi days of the Tamil month, and opening a religious art gallery during Panguni Festival to promote Hinduism. On other days, it was to serve as a marriage hall.
How did King Serfoji ll’s Portrait came in his collection?
When  Vinayaka Mudaliar visited Thanjavur Palace, he was gifted by King Serfoji ll  his signed Portrait (now the sign is not seen in that portrait) after Mudaliar’s  request. Mudaliar liked to collect paintings,dolls from the places  he visit. To mark his visit to Thanjavur Palace and his meet with  H.H King Serfoji ll, he requested The Rajah of Tanjore to present him his portrait.
#Mylapore #Tamilnadu #Chennai  #pangunifestival #Kapaleshwaratemple #ther #VinayakaMudaliar #BommaiChathiram #southmadastreet  #Maratha  #kingSerfoji #Thanjavur #Portrait

​Hunting and other activities of Maharaja Serfoji ll

Maharajah Serfoji  ll  was fond of hunting and frequently he went on shooting trips.He bagged tigers, deers, boars and birds.He had a number of muskets and guns in his personal armoury brought from Europe.He maintained a half a dozen reserved forests where he went for shikar (hunting). The records show that he shot a number of tigers in the vicinity of Thanjavur and the population gave him enthusiastic orations on his return with the trophies. All his reserved forests were under the control of watchman and supervised by the head of each forest to prevent poaching and unauthorised hunting. He had also a few hunting cheetas trained for hunting deers and boars. The cheetas or leapards were trained in stalking, so that the deer can be caught alive.

A Panther seated at Krishna Vilas garden,Sadar Mahal Palace.This art was done by an German artist Karen Knorr.

He also reared a number of falcons (baj pakshi) which were also trained in hawking smaller games like rabbit, iguana, and birds. He adorned the cheetas and falcons with gold collars and anklets of the legs. Trainers and attenders were appointed to look after them. In order to treat them for illness,he caused arabic and urdu works yujanamah (for cheetas) and bajnamah (for falcons) were translated into marathi for his use.it was recorded that his favouriter falcon was brought from the nawab of devagiri by bhujanga rao, hari rao, his courtier. falcon was a favourite pastime for the kings and nobles of those times. He held competitions and many times he invited european dignitaries and the Thondaman Rajah of pudukottai to witness his cheeta’s and falcon’s hunt.

King Serfoji ll with his favorite falcon

He also  encouraged bullock cart racing and several members of public participated in the competition.The race was known than as ‘Rekhlaw race’ he also got a treatise written on the art of rekhlaw competition called “Hehatula Tumani” in marathi which prescribed rules for the same with details on training and usage during the actual competition. There were many works on presciptions to treat the illness of racing bullocks.

Falcon,one of the birds of King Serfoji ll. The nawab of Udayagiri presented it for the King to Bhujanga Rao and Hari Rao when they were sent to Hyderabad.

One of his another hobbies was gardening. He developed the Shivaganga garden by planting several kinds of trees imported from Europe and some huge trees can be seen in his garden even today. He brought flower and fruit seeds during his wide travels and used them to enrich his gardens. His two other gardens are Huzur mahal and Dastan mahal gardens which were adjacent to his palace and mostly used by the Rajah’s family. There were ponds in the garden stocked with multi coloured fishes. king serfoji  ll  also authored a book on horticulture espeically  on grafting and the usage of fertilizers and soil maintenance.

View of remarkable Banian tree near Tanjore’. Coloured aquatint by J. Wells after a drawing by Capt. Trapaud, 1788

His another hobby was collection of old curious and scientific and usefull articles of western countries which were not available in Thanjavur. He collected various first edition books in English and other European languages which were printed at that time. He requisitioned such books as soon as they were published in Europe and got them shipped.

Lord valentia visited thanjavur on 29th january 1804. He records in his account of travel that he visited  Rajah serfoji and saw his library, his private museum, musical instruments, and other valuable articles kept in his palace. He says that Serfoji had one octogonal carriage with exquisitely carved windows with an organ that played sweet musical noted as the wheel went round with a clock and a machine to mark the distance travelled (speedometer). He had also assortment of many viz; an electrifying machine, air pump, astronomical instruments, arrow work, guns of different bores,gold and silver encrushed tables, desk and almirahs inlaid with silver and gold a rare valampuri chunk (conch) of big size, watches, and rare clocks,western musical instruments.velvets from italy, razor and pomades from England, costly almirah and Arab swords,rare paintings, cut glass chandeliers and hallmark silver candle stick. Similarly Lord Bishop Heber, Buchanar, Bishop Middleton have also recorded about Serfoji’s museum and two skeltons, one of bone and the other of ivory. 

Rajah serfoji  ll’s another hobby was painting. He painted several pictures and views of buildings.He painted 18 caste people, in uniforms of several military ranks from sepoy to the commander in chief and palanquins and sedan chairs, falcons etc.

The King Serfoji’s military costumes are drawn in 17 pictures. These paintings illustrate the rank of the military servants and the colour of the dresses offered to them in those days.  Photo Courtesy:  Saraswati Mahal Library

Serfoji  ll  Maharajah was a good wrestler. He learnt wrestling during his boyhood and continued the same physical exercise when he was at madras, until his coronation in Thanjavur. He patronised fencing and archery. Similarly he encouraged silambam (fight with sticks) an ancient martial art of tamilnadu usefull for defence purposes.

Sadar Mahal Palace was built by Maharajah Serfoji  ll  in 1824 A.D which was his residential Palace. 

Source: TMSSML 

185th Death anniversary of king serfoji ll on 8th March 2017. His funeral was attended by lakhs of people.He still lives as god in many people’s heart. 

Raja serfoji ll passed away on 8th March 1832. The sad demise of the noble king was reported by the acting resident J. Blackburn to the secretary to the government at fort St. George. A true extract of the letter is produced below, which will indicate the high esteem in which he was held by his subjects. 

“The Right Honorable The Governor will be much grieved to be informed His Highness Maharaj Serfoji is no more. 
His decease took place at 4 a.m yesterday morning and his life had been despaired of for 18 hours previous to the final dissolution. 
The ceremonies prior to the removal of the body in procession then commenced and by 6 p.m. The corpse was consumed in sight of an assembled multitude of little short of 90,000 persons; and I endeavoured that every possible honour should be paid on the part of the British government. 
During the protracted and varying state of His Highness’s illness I passed much of my time in the palace as did also Mr. Assistant Surgeon Bill and Mr.Acting Superintendent Surgeon Currie, and I cannot resist bearing my testimony to the firmness, perfect resignation and cheerfulness with which his highness bore it throughout. The time carried attendance, soliciture, and care of some of his highness’s relations, principal officers and servants was such as to impress me with the highest respect for the kindness of heart and social qualities that could have called them forth is so eminent a degree. The testimony of deep respect and regret shown towards the corpse on the whole line of the procession by all rank of people, two thirds of whom must have been in the intimate knowledge of his behavior,to and government of, his subjects goes far to prove the moderation the equity and liberality of his rule over them.  In some countries of Europe I have witnessed similar scenes but never Did I witness over where the expressions of regret were so touching or apparently so sincere, it seemed as the whole community were deprived of their common father and friend. 
Our common feeling of sorrow seemed to pervade the whole,and I am assured that the whole population of the fort in number about 25,000 abstained from good the whole day, and that upwards 30,000 persons again attended his highness Shivaji when he returned to collect the ashes of his father this morning.
It will be proper to bring to the observation of the right honorable the governor, that the fact of the queens having been dissuaded from ascending the funeral Pyle of  her husband will have most effectually and entirely broken the practice of this place such as permission can now never again be given from the palace.
May I request the favour of you to procure me the orders of the Government for the installation of his highness the Raja Shivaji ll.
May I request you also to bring to the right honorable the governor’s notice the extract from the general letter of the court of directors under date January 12th 1831, contained in yours of the 1st November 1831 directing the discontinuance of the office of resident in the demise of his highness the late Maharaja and with reference to the subsequent recommendation of the government for the continuance of the office and procure me his commands”

Tanjore,

March, 9th 1832

J.Blackburn

Acting Resident

Source: TMSSML 

Oval portrait of King Serfoji ll, Raja of Tanjore, 1820 Edwin Binney 3rd Collection, The San Diego Museum of Art.

Royal Kitchen of Maharaja Serfoji ll 

Maharaja Serfoji ll was believed to be a connoisseur of food and expert epicurean. He had collected some old works on English cuisine. Few of his collections of European kitchen can still be seen in his assemblies. The Modi records reveal that Serfoji maintained three kinds of kitchen – one purely non vegetarian (Marathi type), Brahminical Kitchen (Vegetarian type) and Angriji (English kitchen) where European style of delicacies were cooked.Non-vegetarian or Marathi Kitchen mostly prepared meat dishes of exquisite and temping to the palate of the most discriminating connoisseurs of food. This section of Marathi kitchen prepared rarest food items unknown in Maharashtra state and of purely belonging to Thanjavuri roots. Thanjavur Maratha rulers had not only encouraged culture, fine arts, literature during their reign but also food habits.

It will be very significant and pertinent to record that Marathi type of food of Thanjavur should not be confused with the typical food cuisine followed in Maharashtra. Their preparation has no bearing on Thanjavur Marathi food and is of the south Indian Tamil type and belongs to south. The food preparation of Maharashtra is entirely different from that of the south Indian one. The people of Maharashtra never use tamarind for sour taste like the Marathas of south; particularly that of Thanjavur. The two systems of food basically differ in taste and method of preparation. TheTanjoreMarathas; at the time of their rule invited several kinds of victuals and gave them names also, the counter part of which cannot be found in Maharashtra state. Even today the people of those regions like and praise Thanjavur non vegetarian dishes. At least some similarity can be found between Thanjavur and Mughlai Preparations.
The food prepared in the Rajah’s kitchen are of pure Tamilnadu origin except in their names but are the products of Tamilnadu cooks, and in their recipes tamarind pulp is generally mixed. The ingenuity and inventive talents of the south IndianMaratha cooks those were in the service of the Maratha raja’s since several centuries. This has resulted in a new and special type of food preparation which has come to be as Maratha preparations. South India is fully aware of the Maratha military hotels that were in existence in large number over the south in 1960’s. They are now fast disappearing due to abandonment of such hotels by the Marathas. The hoteliers of today have gradually forgotten the old methods of food preparation. Therefore, to recollect our old tradition culture of food, we have decided to post the Thanjavur Maratha royal recipes with the method of Preparation for everyone. The posts on our Facebook page and blogger will greatly help in resuscitating and recollect old Maratha recipes to the people.
Rajah Serfoji in addition to his 3 kinds of kitchen (Marathi, Brahmani and Angreji) maintained Sherbatkhana, ObdharKhana, ThattiMahalKhana (Sherbat, water and milk departments).The store rooms are called Kottiyam, where grains, groceries, oil and condiments are stored. They contained the choicest and unadulterated stuffs. Apart from fine and tasty food production, care was taken to clamp strict control over the purity of food and ingredients. Strict Vigil was maintained in water supply of the rajah in his obdharkhana and Dowlathmahal and Krishna Vilas Tank (Inside the Palace) departments, whose officers were supervising water and Sherbath.
In English kitchen Venkatasami was employed as a Buttler to the Rajah in the year 1825 and his preparation in the shape of Jellies, Puffs, Stuffings, Broth, Sauces of vegetable and Mutton are recorded in great detail. Delicious fish and egg Preparation like Omelets, Pickles and similar recipes are recorded.
According to Hindu Beliefs there are 6 kinds of tastes sweet, sour,salty,hot,bitter and astringent and all these elementary tastes are appropriately blended in these preparation to make the food appealing to the palates of people. The recipes are neither excessively hot nor bland. And similarly the sweet preparations are not too much sweet or sour. The Shedrasas (six rasas) are properly balanced to earn the appreciation of the King.

Portrait of Maharaja Serfoji ll at Vyasarpadi Vinayaga Mudaliar Charities, Mylapore.

The book titled ‘Sarabhendra PakaSastra’ which is available at SaraswatiMahal Library even today contains more than 100 ThanjavurMaratha royal recipes during the times of Serfojill which are not known to today’s world. This book is based on a very valuable two volume manuscripts in Marathi Preserved in SaraswatiMahal Library. The 1st volume manuscript contains both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food preparations. The manuscripts are said to be recorded or written by some scribes as per the Jabani (Oral statement) of one Narayanan and Butler Venkataswamy during the period of Rajah Serfoji. This work contains in addition to Hindu vegetarian and non-Vegetarian dishes, English type of preparation. The 2nd volume was original hand written manuscript and its pages bear a number of water marks of the year 1816 A.D. The 2nd volume contains every recipe of Thanjavur origin Non vegetarian recipes.


Reference: Late A. KrishnaswamyMahadik former Guest Editor TMSSML

Maharajserfoji2museum.blogspot.in 

Maharajah Serfoji 2 memorial hall museum, sadar mahal palace Thanjavur

Thanjavur Maratha Royal recipe, Kesar Mass


kesar mutton (kesari mass):

 Method of Preparation:

-Cut the mutton into large pieces and boil and cook it well.

-Remove the mutton pieces and shred it by fingers in the shape of saffron flower or thread.

-The fibres of the mutton will be like thread if shreded by hand.

-Mix in it one spoon of salt and grinded paste of chillies, khas-khas seeds in the shreded mutton, mix well and keep aside, place a fry pan on the fire and pour half litre of ghee, and when the ghee gets heated put the mutton shreds and fry them till they turn golden red.


– In the end pour the juice of one lime fruit and mix them together.


The name kesar or kesari indicates and strike as a sweet to many people but it is not a sweet dish. It is a light spicy dish. A kind of mutton receipe which is soft like a sponge and has a delicious Yummiee taste which takes few minutes to prepare and said to be kept for a week and eat.