For those who are hearing ‘Aamras Puri’ for first time. Here is it’s history 👇.

Aamras puri is a Maharashtrian dish. Very famous in Maharashtra in the month of Mangoes I.e in MAY. You can find aamras puri in every hotels and houses across Maharashtra in this month.

Aamras and puri makes good combination like idly and chutney.

Aamras is a thick shake made from mangoes as seen in the below photograph. Amras can be made from any types of Mangoes, but Alphonso type of mangoes are preferred to get delicious and yummy taste. In Maharashtra, Alphonso type of mangoes are always in demand and have huge export and import market for it’s taste.

In south, during mango season aamras puri are only made in houses by Maharashtrians settled there as it is not available at Restaurants, hotels etc. But today at least some youngsters are taking initiative measures to get available and to spread awareness on this dish in south. Aamras also tastes awesome when eaten with Chapati.

The word aamras is derived from Sanskrit word ‘aam’ means mango and ‘ras’ means juice. Juice of Mango.It is also known as ‘Amra’.

In the book ‘A Historical Dictionary of Indian Food’, KT Achaya, India’s most illustrious food historian,cites the fruit’s first mention as amra in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, written around 700 BC.

When Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru hosted President John F. Kennedy for a state dinner in Delhi in the 1960s, he served Alphonsos imported from Mumbai.

Only we have the talent of making Aamras puri into Amrish puri.Namma alu Pani Puri akame vitane, athu variko sandosham 😂.

Homemade puris and Aamras at Jaipurya Restaurant,Chennai.

Finally 😋. I would like to thank all my friends who suggested me places for Amraspuri in Chennai.I had a huge thirst for it and finally it is satisfied 😋. MAY month in the year is incomplete without mangoes and Amras . I choosed Jaipurya- The desi Gourmet which is in Egmore for Amras puri. This restaurant is known and famous for Lassi . They have various kinds of lassi some to be mention are Banana lassi, Dates lassi, Strawberry lassi, Oreo lassi, blueberry lassi, orange lassi, dryfruit lassi, Mango lassi etc. When I posted yesterday in a Chennai based foodie’s group in Facebook asking for the recommendations/suggestions for the places where amraspuri is available in Madras. I got a reply from the restaurant owner and he told they have various recipes/dishes/products (whatever it’s called) made from Alphonso mangoes such as Lassi, Sandesh, Kheer, cream, amras etc. They actually don’t serve Amras puri. Seeing my desire to eat amras puri the owner specially arranged Amraspuri for me. That was so kind of him. I also tasted lassi (Malai Favour) for which they are famous . I would wish to rate 10/10 for amras and malai lassi.But for Prices and Puris (that were homemade) I would like to rate 8/10.

Malai Lassi


Tipu Sultan’s 219th Death Anniversary

Courtesy: TMSSML.

Yesterday (4/5/2018) was Tipu Sultan’s 219th death anniversary. This is a rare authentic book associated with Tipu sultan which is in Thanjavur Maharaja Serfoji’s Sarasvati Mahal Library (TMSSML). The signature of my great great grandfather, King Serfoji ll is seen on the top with the year, which shows that he had read this book.

King serfoji ll after reading a book, had the habit of signing the book with the date and year (he read). He also use to comment on left Margin (marginal notes) in his own hands expressing his approval or disapproval of the contents of the paragraphs, which reversal his erudite scholarship and command over the foreign languages.

Tipu Sultan is remembered for many technological and administrative innovations.The 18th century ruler is popularly known as the Tiger of Mysore and Tipu Sahib. He introducted new coin denominations and new coin types. He also introduced a luni-solar calendar.Tipu Sultan is revered as a pioneer in the use of rocket artillery.He expanded the use of rockets, deploying as many as 5,000 rocketeers at a time. Rocket innovation during his time used iron tubes that could hold the propellant and enabled higher thrust and longer range of missiles.He deployed the rockets against advances of British forces and their allies during the Anglo-Mysore Wars. The rockets used during the Battle of Pollilur in 1780 and Siege of Seringapatam in 1799 were said to be more advanced than the British had previously seen.Tipu Sultan had great love for horticulture and gardening. His father and him have been credited for establishing the 40-acre Lalbagh Botanical Garden in Bengaluru.During his rule, he introduced a land revenue system which gave a boost to the Mysore silk industry and helped in establishing Mysore as a major economic power. My tribute to the great king.

Courtesy: NDTV

‘The real joy of life is to combat difficulties and miseries with firm determination’- Tipu Sultan.

The Hoally gateway at Seringapatnam fort where Tipu Sultan was killed. Picture by Henry Dixon, 1868.


History has Negatives as well as positives. But unfortunately we do concentrate more only on Negative aspects. No one is born perfect in this world nor their circumstances might made them perfect. We do not think about our past which was under British domination and the rulers that had survived under them in various pressures. But we have mouth to criticize or blame the kings for such history written by their opponents/rumours spread by their haters on them. You might know about Britishers, they not only kill the king/People who went against them but also destroy their whole dynasty, Palace, Treasures etc and also kill their heirs too. Being Practical and tactical was helping our Indians to survive against those powerful treacherous. Even their were Hindu Kings who had done good to the Muslims and even Muslim kings who had done good to the Hindus. But now a days history has been used as a powerful tool to divide and rule. Our people only concentrate on Bad things than in good things and that’s the fact. Their is a saying, we should take the good things in others and ignore the bad things which are in an individual. And writing about a past person/king or any personality, do write good about him I.e about his smartness, talents, accomplishments, achievements, knowledgable,commendable work etc, so that today’s generation/ youths will come to know about how advanced they were in terms of knowledge, science and technology in those days. I am not aware of Tipu’s controversy in Karnataka. But I am inspired on his innovation and advanced technology I.e invention of rockets and techniques etc. He might be a negative person or not, I have nothing to do with it. An authentic book associated with him is well preserved in Thanjavur Maharaja Serfoji’s Saraswati Mahal Library (TMSSML) and that book has also been read and signatured by my ancestor, King Serfoji ll in the year 1827 A.D. So shared a nugget about it with a positive verified write-up about the great king Tipu Sultan.

Dynasties which ruled Tamilnadu 

Before 3rd century 

  • Cheran (Cheras) 
  • Cholan (Cholas)
  • Pandiyan (Pandiyas) 
  • Edeyer Vallargal
  • Nanjiyin Vallavan
  • Nannan
  • Thirayan.

From 3rd to 6th century

  • Kalappirargal
  • Sanskritpattaya Pallavargal (Pallavas).

From 6th to 9th Century 

  • Pallavargal (Pallavas) 
  • Pandiyan Kings
  • Tanjore Cholas. 

From 10 th to 13th century 

  • Cholas
  • Pandiyas
  • Kozhisavargal
  • Kadavarayar. 

From 14th to 16th century 

  • Pandiyas
  • Madurai Sultans
  • Samboovarayargal
  • Tenkasi Pandiyargal.

17th Century

  • Mughals
  • Naikargal (Nayakas) 
  • Maratha Kings. 

18th Century

  • Arcot Nawab
  • Palayakarargal.

From 1801 to 1858 

  • The British East India company. 

From 1858 to 1947

  • British Raj (Government).


      Pandiya Dynasty was an ancient Tamil dynasty that ruled parts of south India. They were famous for their pearl diving skills. The pandiya dynasty was enriched by many great scholars and writers. Manikavasagar composed Thiruvasagam and Andal composed Thirupavai. Nammalvar composed Thiruppalandu, Villiputhrar wrote the Mahabharata, Adhiveerarama Pandiya wrote Naidadham. The Pandiya period revived rock cut temples and architectures. The mural paintings of Srimaran Srivallabha Pandiya of first Pallava Kingdom are seen in the Sittannavasal cave temples.  

      Rock cut temple Sittannavasal., Courtesy: Indian Philatelics.
      Sittannavasal cave.,Photo Courtesy: Jayashankar.

      Mamallapuram is known for its temples and monuments built by the Pallava dynasty in the 7th and 8th centuries. The seafront Shore Temple comprises 3 ornate granite shrines. Krishna’s Butter Ball is a massive boulder balanced on a small hill near the Ganesha Ratha stone temple.

      Krishna’s Butterball (Vaan Irai Kal), Mamallapuram. Photo Courtesy: TamilNadu Tourism.  

      It is told that Kapaleeshwarar temple was built in 7th century CE by the Pallavas. The original Kapaleeshwarar Temple was built where Santhome Church is located currently in Chennai. This original temple was demolished by the Portuguese and the present temple was built in the 16th century by the Vijayanagar Kings.

      Mylapore Kapaleeshwarar Temple aerial view., Photo Courtesy: The Hindu.


      The recorded history of the Chera dynasty is broadly divided into two phases, The Early Cheras and the Later Cheras also known as the KulasekharasMost of their history is reconstructed from a body of literature known as the Sangam literature written in old Tamil around the 3rd century. Uthiyan CheralathanNedum Cheralathan  and Senguttuvan are some of the rulers referred to in the Sangam poems. Senguttuvan, the most celebrated of the Chera kings, is famous for the legends surrounding Kannagi, the heroine of the epic Silapathikaram.The Chera kingdom owed its importance to trade with the Middle East, North Africa, Greece, Rome and China.

      In the early centuries BCE, the Chera region became known to the Greeks and Romans (who were called Yavana in early Indian literature) for its spices.

      Chera inscriptions of the 2nd century  make reference to the Irrumporai clan have been found near present-day Tiruchirappalli (on the Kaveri west of Thanjavur). 

      The Later Cheras (the Kulasekharas) ruled from Mahodayapuram (now Kodungallur) on the banks of River Periyar and fought numerous wars with their powerful neighbours such as the Cholas and Rashtrakutas. 

      Family tree of the kings of the Chera dynasty based on Sangam literature. 
      Chera Period inscription., Photo Courtesy:The Hindu.


      Sangam literature states that Karikalan Cholan was the founder of this dynasty. Kallanai dam was built by him. Cholas secured a firm hold on many areas in Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Vijayalaya Cholan made Thanjavur as his capital. King Raja Raja I built a strong naval force and captured Sri Lanka and began overseas trade. He was an able administrator. He expanded his kingdom and strengthen its foundation. Brihadeshwarar Temple at Thanjavur was built by him. He greatly influenced the politics, economy and culture of Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Singapore. Rajendra Cholan’s territory extended upto North India.He was known as GangaiKonda Cholan. The Gangaikonda Cholapuram  was founded by Rajendra Cholan I to commemorate his victory over the Pala Dynasty.It is told that It served as the Chola capital for around 250 years. The Shiva temple built there by him in imitation of the Brihadeshwarar temple is told to be the only second in beauty and artistic excellence to that of the original. 

      The Cholas built the Aprameya temple near Channapatna, Panchalingeshwara temple in Begur near Bangalore and the Mukthi Nateshwara temple near Binnamangala in Karnataka. 

      Aprameya temple (main Entrance).This temple was built in the 11th century by Chola emperor Rajendra Simha. The temple is named after the invading Chola general Aprameya.,Photo Courtesy: Think Bangalore. 
      9th century Naganatheshwara temple also known as Panchalingeshwara Temple at Begur (pic taken in c.1868), by Henry Dixon, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections.
      Mukthi Natheshwara temple is just 30 km away from Bangalore near Binnamangala at Nelamangala. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and was constructed by King Kulothunga Cholan in the 10th century. There are inscriptions on the walls that describe the temple and its significance. Photo courtesy: SriKri Photography. 
      Dhenupureeswarar Temple (Madambakkam, Chennai) was built during the reign of the Chola king, Parantaka II, also known as Sundara Chola (956-973 A.D.), father of Rajaraja Chola I., Photo Courtesy:TNHRCE.
      Sri Kodandarama Swamy Temple in Kadapa District of Andhra Pradesh was commenced by Chola kings and was completed around 16th Century by the Vijayanagara kings. 

      The cholas constructed many lakes like the Veeranam lake. They build a huge pond in GangaiKonda Cholapuram and paid special attention to irrigation.

      Veeranam lake in Cuddalore district.It was created in 10th century by Rajaditya Cholan.Photo Courtesy: TamilNadu Tourism. 

      Cholas built many Shiva temples. The temples also functioned as economic and cultural centres. Agraharams were established  by Cholas to encourage education. Among these Uttarameruragrahara is famous. The temples were centres of education and religious activities. Tamil literature found an all round development during this period. Periya puranam composed by Sekkilar, Kambaramayana written by Kamban and Thirukkadeva’s Jeevika Chintamani are some of the noteworthy works of this period. 

      Brihadeshwarar temple photographed by Samuel Bourne (year unknown).

      The Thanjavur Peruvudaiyar Kovil or the Brihadeshwara Temple of Tanjore  dedicated to Lord Shiva is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Dravidian style temple built by Chola ruler Raja Raja I is one of the most magnificent architectural geniuses on the surface of earth.The temple tower is believed to be the tallest in the world and the temple complex consists of other beautiful structures that glorify the incredible craftsmanship of the architects of that era. Besides the huge Shiva Linga, which is located in the sanctum sanctorum (Garbha Griha), the huge Nandi draws crowds from world over. And interestingly, the temple tower or the Gopuram or the Vimana is constructed in such a manner that its shadow disappears at noon. This happens because the base of the Vimana is bigger than its pinnacle. Hence at noon, the shadow of the temple tower gets merged on itself and not on the ground. Kudos to the architects of the era for building something as beautiful as the Brihadeshwara Temple—a heritage structure that dates back to ancient India.

      ‘Brihadeshwara’ is a Sanskrit name kept to the temple during the Maratha period in Thanjavur. In Sanskrit,  ‘Braha’ means very big and ‘Eshwara’ means lord Shiva. The temple is generally named as Peruvudaiyar kovil or Periya Kovil or Big temple.

      The Maratha rule in Thanjavur was founded in 1676 A.D by King Venkoji alias Ekoji, half brother of King Shivaji the great born to Shahaji and Tuka Bai. 

      King Venkoji alias Ekoji.

      Happy World Book Day (23/4/18)

      Happy #WorldBookDay2018. 

      With my two precious books ‘Contributions of Thanjavur Maratha Kings’ 1st edition (released in Pune,Maharashtra in 2015) and 2nd edition (released in Kuala Lumpur,Malaysia and Chennai,Tamilnadu in 2017).

      You gain knowledge from books. Spreading Knowledge, learning  and teaching plays an important role in one’s life for his/her career and future. Share your knowledge rather than keeping it within yourself.

      Congratulations to the winner.

      Check my book’s official facebook page 👉 Contributions of Thanjavur Maratha Kings-2nd Edition 

      #worldbookday  #contributionsofThanjavurMarathaKings #Thanjavur #Tanjore #history #book

      World Book Day 2018. Chance to win your complementary copy. 

      World Book Day is a celebration! It’s a celebration of authors, illustrators, books and (most importantly) it’s a celebration of reading. In fact, it’s the biggest celebration of its kind, designated by UNESCO as a worldwide celebration of books and reading, and marked in over 100 countries all over the world.

      World Book Day is held every year to celebrate and promote the enjoyment of books and reading. 

      To promote world book day in our surroundings and society we should  take initiatives to spread about its awareness and cause. It is a day for authors, writers, bloggers, readers and book lovers/ enthusiasts. I would like to request  authors, writers etc to take initiative or creative  measures to promote and encourage  ‘World Book day’ in your society/surroundings, which comes once in a year. 
      There is a saying, “A good READER  can became a good LEADER  and good Writers/Authors can became Kingmakers”. Our society needs good leaders, and it’s our duty to create good leaders 😊. 

      To mark this year’s World book day and also to make it special to our readers, I have decided to give my book’s complimentary signed  copy to one of our  interested reader. The book is on historical subject.
       To get  my book’s complimentary copy all you want to do is, Send a mail to 
      Stating in subject as ‘World Book Day 2018‘ With the mentioned following  details:

      1. Name:
      2. Occupation:
      3. Phone number:
      4. Address (to which the book is suppose to send) :
      5. Your blog or facebook profile username:
      6. Why are you interested to read the book which is on historical subject (mandatory):
      7. Few lines about yourself and your passion:
      8. Achievements (if any):
      9. Area of interest in reading: 
      10. last book you read and few lines about that book  (if any): 

      Based on your genuine informations  provided, we will be choosing one  lucky winner based on your interest and desire to read the book which is on Thanjavur history. 

      It is open to all and anyone can apply. Interested readers can send the details to the mentioned mail I’d before 22/4/18 (9pm). Winner will be announced by 23/4/18 evening. 
      Best wishes.

      Contributions of Thanjavur Maratha Kings-2nd edition


      World Heritage Day 2018

      On this world heritage day, we decided to post something special for you. The below  posted 19th century photographs from our private collections  were clicked during Temple utsavam (Utsav) and procession  seen in Thanjavur North and west main street junction and in the second picture, Utsavam procession in Thanjavur East main street. Utsavam those days were celebrated by people gathering in large numbers as witnessed in todays’ utsavams like kapaleshwara temple utsavams or ther (Temple car) utsavams and it is a joyous occasion. In the photograph, you can see Krishna temple, Goddess kamakshi  temple and Ram temple premised at West Main Street and Sarjah Mahal at East main street in background. Our heritage monuments has to be given equal importance and value as we give to ourself. On this special day, We all pledge to stand together to safeguard our #history and heritage monuments.

      Temple utsavam procession at Thanjavur North and west main street junction.
      Temple utsavam procession at Thanjavur East main street.

      Note: All rights reserved. Sharing or copying the photographs on other sites/pages without Admin’s permission or Removing the watermark and sharing the images on the respected pages or sites with one’s own watermarks is strictly prohibited and is not entertained. 

      Follow us on #Instagram, @princelytanjore 

      #WorldHeritageDay2018  @ Thanjavur

      Thanjavur Culture 

      ​Compliment from one of my Instagram follower. Thanks for these kind words and appreciation.

      THANJAVUR CULTURE in those days was a mixture of Tamil, Telugu  and Marathi. The culture and tradition  at Thanjavur alone was different and unique in Tamilnadu. Thanjavur was the house to the people belonging from different  communities i.e Tamil, Telugu, Marathi etc. As per history we all know that Thanjavur was  a princely state ruled by Cholas, Pandiyas (short period), Nayakas and Marathas.  The people and family who came along with the kings had been settled here and were regular in practicing their traditional customs, rituals etc. In modern times i.e in 18th,19th centuries the people of all three communities were residing together  which made a turning point in a change in mixture of culture and tradition. The festivals,cultural activities  were celebrated in a unique manner where the practice/ritual would be involved in a mixture form of the traditional/cultural customs of all these three communities (I.e Tamil, Telugu and Marathi). It is also evident that Maratha Kings of Thanjavur were the patron of Tamil, Telugu culture and fine arts- which  was flourished and encouraged during their rule. In 20th century there was no any racism or casteism  problem at certain societies or areas  in Thanjavur or in Tamilnadu because of Education and highly knowlegable persons.There were no hesitation for intercaste marriages. So marriages were done among  Tamil and Marathi family or among Marathi and Telugu family or among Telugu and Tamil family. That really gave a strong bond and relationship among the communities. 

      Today not even 10 percent Maratha families are seen in Thanjavur as many had been migrated to different states (mostly to Maharashtra) and abroad. 

      There is a Tamil film  named ‘Dubashi‘, which is on  YouTube. This movie is based on a life of Thanjavur Maratha family. 

       click here to watch the film 

      Related links on articles about Thanjavur Marathas 

      Thanjavur Marathi culture kept alive by online group- The Hindu

      Maharashtrians with a difference- The Hindu 

      Marathi identity, with Tamil flavour- NIE 

      Traditional  ritual at Thanjavur Maratha bramin family. Video Courtesy:

      Harikatha exponent 18th century

      Tanjore Maratha couple c.1770 Gouache. 

      Book on Thanjavur Maratha recipes documented/written by the order of Baroda Maharaja H.H Sayaji Rao Gaekwad. This book is the first edition published in 19th century (1888 A.D) by Jagade thechu Printing press., Pune, Maharashtra. There are more than hundred unique Thanjavur Maratha recipes (Veg and Non Veg) in this book. Baroda maharaja Sayaji Rao Gaekwad visited Thanjavur Palace and was fascinated towards Thanjavur Maratha culture, tradition and culinary skills.  Stated in my grandfather’s book that  he had purchased many books on various subjects from Thanjavur Maharaja Serfoji’s Sarasvati Mahal library (TMSSML)  and had republished it in his native.

      This  below book is in my private library

      Sadhir Dance- Forgotten Indian classical Style of dance 

      Feliciating Smt. R. muthukannamal., Sadhir Dancer from Viralimalai,Trichy. She was honored today (17/3/2018) with the DakshinaChitra annual award for her excellence and lifetime contribution to Sadhir  dance. She is also called as the mother of Bharatanatyam.

      She is one of the few surviving artistes who can impart sadhir dance to future generations. The characteristic style of Sadhir is that the performer dance and sing at the same time. As a dance form, Sadhir underwent many challenges and it eventually gave birth to Bharatanatyam. Like Sadhir, the artists who practiced the dance form also faced challenges. But some artists didn’t give up. Without any sponsorship and support, they tried to make Sadhir popular. R Muthukannamal, the last Devadasi -Sadhir dancer from Viralimalai, is one among them.

      Sadhir is a precolonial temple dance in TamilNadu which later transformed into Bharatanatyam. Born in Viralimalai, 28 km from Trichy, 89 years old Muthukannamal and her family were closely associated with temple dance practices in the Muruga temple as well as in Pudukottai Shiva temple there. Muthukannamal had been a Devaradiyar trained since the age of eight, under her famous Nattuvannar father and grandmother. King Rajagopala Thoondaiman had gifted agricultural lands to their family for their services. She is the seventh generation of the devadasi tradition and the only surviving dancer of the 32 contemporaries at the Muruga temple in Viralimalai.Muthukannammal still performs Sadhir. 

      There was no support to the dance form from anyone.But she sticked to Sadhir and popularised the dance form.To create awareness about Sadhir and also to popularise the contributions of Muthukannamal, former Madras Art College principal and veteran  sculptor G Chandrasekaran (fondly called Chandru) made a sculpture of Muthukannamal at his art school for the disabled in  Tiruvelveli in 2017. The sculpture in clay symoblised the challenges of an artist in keeping alive a dance form under odd circumstances.

      Courtesy: Times of India

      In ancient times, Sadhir Dance was  performed in temples and in royal  courts and the name ‘Sadhir’ to this classical dance style  was given by the Maratha rulers.

      To view a short chip on Sadir dance demonstration click here

      Contributions of Thanjavur Maratha Kings 2nd Edition

      Front and back cover of the book

      Reviews  for the book

      “Altogether this book is a historical hand book for Thanjavur in general and contribution of Thanjavur Maratha Kings in particular. The author has included rare photographs and informations about Thanjavur that would be useful to researchers. There are many facts and figures listed out about the contributions of Marathas such as Thanjavur band, fusion in music and medicine, performing arts like poykkal kuthirai attam, introduction of western musical instruments like clarinet and violin etc.” –  DR.P.PERUMAL., CONSERVATOR AND LIBRARIAN (RETD) THANJAVUR MAHARAJA SERFOJI’S SARASWATI MAHAL LIBRARY. 

      “I appreciate the author, my cousin for portraying the rich culture of this great land and praise him for his efforts.The Maratha flag is saffron in colour and it stands for simple living, high thinking and reminds us to live a life of Dharma for sustainable prosperity for all. The book deals with this lucidly and extensively. I hope the readers are benefited by this book not only to increase their pride but contribute their mite as well.” RAJAH SHREE H.H PRINCE S.BABAJI RAJAH BHONSLE., HEREDITARY TRUSTEE, PALACE DEVASTHANAM.  

      “The contributions of the Maratha rulers of Thanjavur is graphically recounted in this valuable book by Prince Pratap Sinh Serfoji RajeBhosle. The book opens with brief history of the cholas and Nayakas. Visit of the great Saint Samartha Ramdas swami,the guru of Chatrapathi Shivaji to Thanjavur is another valuable information. This handy book has several useful and interesting nuggets of information. A well researched book fast paced, easy to read informative, instructive, should adorn the shelf of every knowledgeable youth”.- R.NATARAJ.,retired I. P. S. Present M.L.A, MYLAPORE., CHENNAI TN-600004.

      “The author has included the contribution of the rulers of South India who ruled before Maharashtrians like the Cholas and Nayakas. Further on,  the author highlights the cruel manner of the matyrdom of Sambhaji at the hands of Aurangzeb which became in itself a great inspiration for the Marathas. “Sambhaji’s sacrifice invoked a new motivation in Maratha minds and soon they conquered Delhi” says the author. The author brings out the unique influence of Samarta Ramdas on both Shivaji and Sambhaji. Above all,  this is an extremely well timed book. This book gives a glimpse of how this vision was nourished by the Maratha kings of Thanjavur.” PADMA BHUSAN SHREE N.VITTAL., I.A.S., FORMER CENTRAL VIGILANCE COMMISSIONER, GOVT OF INDIA.  

      “The author has taken after the footsteps of his forefathers by compiling the contributions of the Maratha kings of Thanjavur into a comprehensive publication. I commend the efforts of the young prince in taking up the immense responsibility of representing the legacy of this Empire and the significance of its rulers. This book will be an excellent source of reference for dancers, musicians, historians, rasikas and readers around the world.”- NATTUVA THILAGAM SRIMATHI INDIRA MANIKAM,KL MALAYSIA


      “The author has left no stone unturned in making the book authentic, as exhaustive and as interesting as possible. Documenting our proud cultural heritage is a responsibility by itself, and the author has done complete justice, shouldering this task with utmost care. A number of important details, pertaining to the Maratha kings, their contribution to the field of art and culture, their work in respect of education, and keenness in  partaking in many socially relevant activities have all been covered in this book. This book will be of great help to readers, scholars, researchers and history enthusiasts.” KAVITHA RAMU.I.A.S., DIRECTOR OF MUSEUMS, GOVT OF TAMILNADU.  

      About the book: 

      Book on TamilNadu Kings with the brief history of Chatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj, Dharmaveer Sambhaji Maharaj,their spiritual guru  Swami Samartha Ramdas, Cholas, Nayakas and Indian Classical art-Bharatanatyam. ‘THANJAVUR’ the historical city of Tamilnadu has a rich culture and heritage. Ruled by the Cholas, Pandiyas (for a short period), Nayakas and the Marathas. The Maratha rule in Thanjavur was founded in 1676 A.D by Ekoji alias Venkoji half brother of Chatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj. Maratha Rajas of Thanjavur were scholars themselves and were the patron of arts, literature etc.  Bharatanatyam, carnatic music and theater dramas was flourished during their reign. The staple food of Tamilnadu ‘Sambhar’ was discovered in their kitchen and was named after Dharmaveer Sambhaji Maharaj. The book includes old rare photographs from the Author’s achives. Few photographs are published and brought out   for the first time with prior permissions. The book is included with historical and rare facts which are not known to many, some of them are as follows 👇

      •  King serfoji ll ruler of Thanjavur from 1798 to 1832 A.D was himself expert in treating eye diseases and in performing cataract operations. He was an opthamologist. He was greatly interested in Science and technology. He had in his possession an air pump, an electrifying machine, an ivory skeleton and astronomical instruments for a close study of stars. He made them accessible to students of educational institutions that he established. He established the printing (hand) press in Devanagari type which was first of its kind in Southern India. He also established a stone type press. One of the world largest library Saraswati Mahal library named after him founded in the Nayaks period was developed by him. He added many rare manuscript, foreign books to it’s collection.He founded schools gave free boarding and lodging facilities. He gave importance to Tamil education.He opened up education to girls. He was an engineer as well. He constructed water tanks and number of Wells for civic use. Sadar Mahal Palace was built by him under western engineering talent,which was his residential quarters and  private durbar. Performing arts like drama, dance, music and other art forms were performed at the Sadar Mahal Palace. He installed lightning rods on tower (vimanam) of the Brihadeshwara temple. He commissioned artists to paint murals and frescoes on the temple walls and ceiling. As a patron of Inscriptions, he had the history of the Bhosle dynasty inscribed on the south western wall of the Brihadeshwara temple which is considered to be the lengthiest  inscription in the world.  His travelogue to Kasi has been written in the book. He was one among the four honorary members of the Royal Asiatic Society. A visiting missionary, the Rev Bishop Heber, rightly observes, “I have seen many crowned heads, but not one whose deportment was more princely”. King Serfoji was so deeply loved by his subjects that nearly 90,000 people participated in his funeral procession on 8th March 1832 A.D. The authentic letter has been published in the book. 
      • Chola dynasty ruled Thanjavur 1000 years ago  and their constructions some to be named- Brihadeshwara temple, Kallanai dam etc still exist even today. They were the great engineers and warriors.Raja Raja Cholan’s daughter has completed her Arangetram in Bharatanatyam at Brihadeshwara Temple.
      • King Raghunatha Nayak (Ruler of Thanjavur from 1600 to 1634 A.D) was a composer,musician and a musicologist. He himself was  a great  master in the science and practice of Carnatic music. An expert veena player,scholar and author of numerous works in Telugu was an expert in the laksana and laksya of music. He was the inventor of new ragas like ‘Jayantasena’ and talas like ‘Ramananda’.
      • Chatrapathi Shivaji’s history including his visit to South India, Establishment of Samartha Ramdas swami mutts in Thanjavur including rare photographs from his Thanjavur mutt (Bhimrao Goswami mutt)  Dharmaveer Sambhaji Maharaj’s history, Kanchi sankara mutt’s connection with Thanjavur Maratha Royal Family, Relationship between the Maharashtra and Thanjavur, Origin of Tanjore painting, dolls, art plates, Royal Maratha recipes etc   has been included in the book.

      Buy the book ‘Contributions of Thanjavur Maratha Kings-2nd Edition’ from Notionpress.

      Below  is the purchase  link for Indian readers (India) 👇👇

      Indian readers click here to purchase 

      Below is the purchase link for Foreign readers (outside India) 👇👇

      Foreign readers (outside India) Click here to purchase 

       Enjoy Reading! Visit Thanjavur.

      Vyjanthimala Bali releasing the book in Chennai on 26/12/17

      The Hindu 27/12/17

      Malaysia Launch 16/12/17
      The book was launched in Kuala Lumpur at Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Indian cultural Centre on 16/12/17 followed by the Bharathnatyam recital by Kamini Manikam 

      Topeone DatinShree Indirani Samyvelu releasing the  book

      Giving a copy of my book to K. Iyyanar., Director NSCB ICC

      Tamil Nesan (Malaysian National newspaper) 31/12/17

      Swami Samartha Ramdas visit to TamilNadu and orgin of Harikatha and Samartha Mutt at Thanjavur (with rare photographs)

      Maratha rule in Thanjavur was established in 1676 A.D by King Venkoji alias Ekoji. During his rule in 1677 A.D, Samartha Ramdas Swami who was the spiritual guru of Chatrapathi Shivaji the great came to south for Rameshwaram yatra. He visited Mannargudi first. King Venkoji after knowing about Ramdas swami’s visit to Mannargudi,  he went to Mannargudi to invite Samartha Ramdas Swami to Thanjavur. Samartha Ramdas accepted to visit Thanjavur. 

      Swami Samartha Ramdas spiritual adviser of Chatrapathi Shivaji the great has visited Thanjavur twice during the period of King Venkoji alias Ekoji and blessed him.

      Portrait of Samartha Ramdas Swami at Serfoji Memorial hall museum,Sadar Mahal Palace Thanjavur. Photo Courtesy: Pratap_rpb.

       In 1677, Samartha visited Thanjavur, and left behind his disciples, who went on to establish mutts in Thanjavur. The earliest of these is called locally Peria (big) mutt, and Anantha Muni established a mutt in Mannargudi and Raghava Swami established one at Konur.

      In Thanjavur, King Venkoji made him to stay at Samandan kulam where the first Samartha Sampardhaya mutt was installed by Samartha Ramdas. It is also known as Bheemaraja Goswami Mutt (Big mutt). Samartha’s disciple Bheemaswami Shahapurkar was the incharge of that mutt. He lived 66 years in that mutt and Samartha sampardhaya was developed. In his year of 99 he took Samadhi.

      Among the Maratha contributions must be mentioned the art of Harikatha. Harikatha has its roots in the kirtan tradition of Maharashtra. Saint Samartha Ramadas, who was born in 1608, gave a theoretical foundation to this art through his work ‘Dasabodha.’

      Worshipping at Sajjangad Ram temple where  bronze idols of Rama, Sita, lakshmana and hanuman are installed which were made in Thanjavur and taken to Sajjangad by Samartha Ramdas Swami for Worshipping.

      While Samartha gave Thanjavur the art of Harikatha, from which came the art of Harikatha Kalakshepa, Thanjavur showed its gratitude to the saint, in a different way. Samartha is said to have restored the eyesight of a blind Viswakarma of Thanjavur and requested the latter to make bronze idols of Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Anjaneya. Samartha took the idols with him and worshipped them in Sajjanagad, where he attained Samadhi. A temple was built in Sajjanagad and the idols were installed there, and are still being worshipped, proclaiming Thanjavur’s association with the great Maharashtrian saint.

      Swami Samartha Ramdas

      A puranic story says during the rule of King Pratap Singh (1740-1763 A.D), he met Bheemaswami to see the Ram dharshan. During the time of Ramnavami utsava, Bheemaswami during the Harikatha, he prayed to lord rama “Dhavare Ramaraya” singing a song. During that time the idol of Lord Ram moved automatically two feet forward from the mandap, giving a bright light. That incident made King Pratap singh to know the power of Sampardhaya. He became the devotee and took diksha (mantro padesha). Sethuswami’s mutt who was the disciple of Anantha mouni of Mannargudi-one of the disciple of Samartha Ramdas, was established by King Pratap singh in his Thanjavur court. King Pratap singh took Mantro Upadhesa. Pratap singh maharajah contributed to his guru Sethu Swamy, two temples of lord Ram and Hanuman in the name of Prataparama,in Thanjavur west main street. Now it is named as Vijayarama mandir another temple named as Pratap Veera Hanuman (mulaiahanumar kovil).

      Some of the photographs from Thanjavur Sri Bheemaswamy Mutt (Big Mutt).

      Kamadenu Vashshishta Maharushi

      Bheemraj Goswami’s disciples went on to establish mutts too. Each of the disciples had a particular object that had been used by Bhimraj Swami. Thus the Govindabalaswami mutt in Sakhanaicken Street was established by the disciple who had Bheemraj Swami’s Paduka. The Annaji Bhava mutt in Tanjore South main Street was established by the one who received the kubuddi (stick) and the Joliram mutt was established by the one who received the Joli (biksha bag) of Bheemraj Swami. There is a Bheemaswami mutt in South main Street, the founder of which was in charge of maintaining the samadhi of Bheemraj Swami in Karuntattangudi.

      Paduka of Sri Bheemraj Goswami

      “About 75 years ago, a great patriot from Maharashtra Nanasaheb Deo travelled all over India, visiting mutts established in the Samartha tradition, and also collecting manuscripts pertaining to Samartha. Interestingly the largest collection of manuscripts – 300 bundles – was from the Joliram mutt. These manuscripts are now in Dhule.”

      Portrait of Samartha Ramdas made by his disciple Bheemaswami Shahapurkar.

      Many of the manuscripts are in Modi, and contain abhangs and other compositions. There is also correspondence in Modi, written from Sajjanagad to Thanjavur, from 1860 onwards. The postal covers, with the stamps are intact too.
      The Joliram math has some very old, beautiful paintings of the lives of the Maratha saints. 

      Samartha Ramdas swami dictating dasbodh to Kalyan Swami

      The math in Mannargudi, and the one in Sakhanaicken Street too continue despite odds. But the Konur mutt vanished long ago.

      Santhancha varnana: Thanjavurche Raje Pratap Singh (1740-1763 A.D)
      Sri Veera Maruthi: Shila Vigraha (Thanjavur Sri Bheema Swami Mutt)
      Thanjavur Sri Beemaswami mutt deva fraha and mantapa
      Tanjore Srimad Dasabodh Parayan Sohala-2011.Samartha Bhaktas Samudayik Parayan
      Seetha Kalyanan Rangitchitra: Sant Eknath Kruta Ramayan (Bhavartha)- Balakanda
      Sri Martanda Bhairava/manasa Maiasavara Kandoba (Thanjavur Sri Beema swamy mutt)
      Sri Bheemaswami Samadhi- Bhavu Swami
      Sri Samartha Ramdas Swami and Sri Bheemaswami
      Sri Samartha Ramdas shishya- Sri Bheemaswami Sahapurkar with Shishya Ramanatha Swamy and Shishya Seenappa Swamy.
      Painting at Joliram Mutt
      A depiction of the saint’s life at Joliram Mutt

      Performing rituals at Sajjangad Swami Samartha Ramdas samadhi

      Paduka of Samartha Ramdas Swami
      View from Sajjangad fort
      A rare manuscript at Thanjavur Maharaja Serfoji’s Saraswati Mahal Library shows a royal personage and his preceptor in small illumunations on either side of a horizontal page.On the title page of ‘Atmarama Grantha’ of 1820 A.D, the two portraits are of King Shivaji the great on the left and Samartha Ramdas swami- his guru on the right. King Shivaji sits with hands folded obeisance his sword on the ground. Swami Samartha Ramdas is seated,and his hands are in the teaching posture behind him is a bolster and he wears a tiger fleece hide over his shoulders. Courstesy: TMSSML

      Dasabodam (Dasbodh) A philosophical work by Samartha Ramdas Swami written in OVI metre in marathi.This was translated into Tamil and delivered as a lecture by Madhoba Ratnakarar head of a mutt. Gopaladasam copied these Tamil lectures during the narration, as revealed in the colophon of the manuscript.

      Samartha is of opinion that only those who conduct the house hold life successfully are competent to be a  Mumukshu (seekers of divine knowledge).

      This has been published by TMSSML and edited in two parts.

      Satara Bhonsle Royal family are still the patrons of Sajjangad. In the Photo, Shree Shivaji Raje Bhosle of Adalat Rajwada, Satara-uncle of Chatrapathi Udayan Maharaj at Sajjangad fort.
      Here in this photo, 14th descendent of King Venkoji alias Ekoji of Thanjavur Sadar Mahal Palace at Sajjangad fort posing with a sword given by Chatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj to Swami Samartha Ramdas.

      Thanks to Sri Ramachandran B. Keskar,descendent of Sri Bheemraj Goswami  and incharge of Thanjavur Bheemraj Goswami Mutt for helping out with the text.

      Photo Courtesy: Sri Bheemraj Goswami Mutt,Thanjavur.