Bhonsale Ghat and Manikarnika Ghat at Varanasi (Kasi) was built by Maratha King of Nagpur and Thanjavur.

Varanasi which is also known as Banaras or Kasi is one of the oldest living cities in the world.

“Varanasi is older than history, Older than Tradition,older even than legend and looks twice as old as all of them put together”

-Mark Twain- author of  famous novel ‘Adventures of Huckleberry fine and Tom Sawyer’ wrote after his visit to Varanasi and was also attracted by its sanctity.

Varanasi (Kasi) is called the home of Lord Shiva, Situated between two rivers ‘Varna’ and ‘Ashi’. This place is the holiest of holies for Hindus and believed to bestow all happiness, prosperity and Salvation (Mukti) to all visitors. In addition to god Visweswara and Goddess Gowri, Annapurna is also presiding over the area and she bestowed food (Anna) to all devotees who visited Kasi. 

In 1821, King Serfoji the second of Thanjavur stayed in “Thirupanandal Mutt” during his Yatra to Varanasi.

Important temples in Varanasi: Kasi Vishwanath Temple also known as the Golden Temple dedicated to lord Shiva, Annapurana Temple of Devi Annapurna near Kasi Visnwanath temple, Sankatha temple of Devi Sankatha near the Scindia Ghat where the huge statue of a lion and nine more temples are seen, Kalbhairav temple one of the ancient temple in Kasi believed as without his permission no one can stay in Kasi. Mritunjay Mahadev temple  of lord Shiva,Just beside this temple there is a well of much religious importance, whose water is said to be mixture of several underground streams and good for eliminating several diseases. Durga Temple built in 18th century with beautiful stonework.There is a pond adjacent to that temple called ‘Durgakund’, Sankatmochan temple of lord Hanuman founded by Goswami Tulsidas known as ‘Monkey Temple’, Bharat Mata Temple inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1936 houses maps of India carved out of marble, other modern temples are Tulsi Manas Temple dedicated to Lord Rama and New Vishwanath Temple in the premises of Banaras Hindu University.

Ghats of Kasi: There are 84 ghats,where each of the ghats have their own stories.

  • Assi Ghat
  • Ganga mahal ghat
  • Rewan ghat
  • Tulsi Ghat
  • Bhadaini Ghat
  • Janaki Ghat
  • Mata Anandami Ghat
  • Vaccharaja Ghat
  • Jain Ghat
  • Nishad Ghat
  • Prabhu Ghat
  • Panchkota Ghat
  • Cheta Singh Ghat
  • Niranjani Ghat
  • Mahanirvani Ghat
  • Shivala Ghat
  • Gularia Ghat
  • Dandi Ghat
  • Hanuman Ghat
  • Prachina or Hanumanana Ghat
  • Karnataka Ghat
  • Harish Chandra Ghat
  • Lali Ghat
  • Vijayanagaram Ghat
  • Kedar Ghat
  • Caowki Ghat
  • Someswara Ghat
  • Manasarovara Ghat
  • Narada Ghat
  • Raja Ghat
  • Khori Ghat
  • Pandey Ghat
  • Sarvesvara Ghat
  • Digpatia Ghat
  • Causatthi Ghat
  • Rana Mahala Ghat
  • Munsi Ghat
  • Darabhanga Ghat
  • Ahilyabai Ghat
  • Sitala Ghat
  • Mehta Ghat
  • Rama Ghat
  • Jatara Ghat
  • Raja Gwalior Ghat
  • Mangala Gauri Ghat
  • Venimadhava Ghat
  • Pancaganga Ghat
  • Durga Ghat
  • Brahma Ghat
  • Bundi parakota Ghat
  • Sitala Ghat
  • Lala Ghat
  • Hanumanagardhi Ghat
  • Gaya Ghat
  • Badri Nayarana Ghat
  • Trilocana ghat
  • Gola Ghat
  • Nandesavara Ghat
  • Sakka Ghat
  • Telianala Ghat
  • Naya Ghat
  • Prahalada Ghat
  • Raja Ghat
  • Adi Keshava Ghat
  • Dasahwamedha Ghat
  • Prayag Ghat
  • Rajendra prasad Ghat
  • Man Mandir Ghat
  • Tripura Bhairavi Ghat
  • Mir Ghat
  • Phuta Ghat
  • Nepali Ghat
  • Lalitha Ghat
  • Bauli Ghat
  • Jalasayi Ghat
  • Khirki Ghat
  • Manikarnika Ghat
  • Bajirao Ghat
  • Scindia Ghat
  • Sankatha Ghat
  • Ganga Mahal Ghat
  • Bhosale Ghat
  • Naya Ghat
  • Ganesa Ghat

Bhonsale Ghat on the bank of the river Ganga was built by Maratha king of Nagpur. It was repaired and renovated in 1795 A.D. It has three heritage temples:

  1. Lakshminarayan Temple
  2. Yameshwar Temple
  3. Yamaditya Temple
Bhonsale Ghat., Photo Courtesy: Ashish Tibrewal

Manikarnika Ghat  on the bank of Ganga river was built by King Serfoji ll of Thanjavur during his pilgrimage to Kasi. 

Manikarnika Ghat in 1922

In commemoration of his Pilgrimage to Kasi, King Serfoji ll constructed the Manikarni Keshwara Swamy temple in the same street in front of his Sankara Vilasa Palace at Thanjavur.

King Serfoji ll’s Travelogue to Kasi and Calcutta:

Ancient Mural of King Serfoji ll at Brahadeshwara Temple,Thanjavur.

To be Continued……..