THANJAVUR CULTURE in those days was a mixture of Tamil, Telugu and Marathi. The culture and tradition at Thanjavur alone was different and unique in Tamilnadu. Thanjavur was a house to the people belonging from different communities i.e Tamil, Telugu, Marathi etc. As from history we all know that Thanjavur was ruled by Cholas, Pandiyas (short period), Nayakas and Marathas. The people and family who came along with the kings had been settled here and were regular in practicing their traditional customs, rituals etc. In modern times i.e in 18th, 19th centuries the people of all three communities were residing together which made a turning point in a change in mixture of culture and tradition. The festivals, cultural activities were celebrated in a unique manner where the practice/ritual would be involved in a mixture form of the traditional/cultural customs of all these three communities (I.e Tamil, Telugu and Marathi). It is also evident that Maratha Kings of Thanjavur were the patron of Tamil, Telugu culture and fine arts- which was flourished and encouraged during their rule. In 20th century there was no any racism or casteism problem at certain societies or areas in Thanjavur or in Tamilnadu because of Education and highly knowlegable persons.There were no hesitation for intercaste marriages. So marriages were done among Tamil and Maratha family or among Maratha and Telugu family or among Telugu and Tamil family. That really gave a strong bond and relationship among those communities.
Today not even 10 percent Maratha families are seen in Thanjavur as many had been migrated to different states (mostly to Maharashtra) and abroad.
There is a Tamil documentary named ‘Dubashi‘ on YouTube. This documentary is based on life of a Marathi speaking family of Thanjavur.
Related links on articles about Thanjavur Marathas
Traditional ritual at Thanjavur Maratha bramin family. Video Courtesy: Dasbodh.com.
Tanjore Maratha couple c.1770 Gouache.
Book on Thanjavur Maratha recipes documented/written by the order of Baroda Maharaja H.H Sayaji Rao Gaekwad. This book is the first edition published in 19th century (1888 A.D) by Jagade thechu Printing press., Pune, Maharashtra. There are more than hundred unique Thanjavur Maratha recipes (Veg and Non Veg) in this book. Baroda maharaja Sayaji Rao Gaekwad visited Thanjavur Palace and was fascinated towards Thanjavur Maratha culture, tradition and culinary skills. Stated in my grandfather’s book that he had purchased many books on various subjects from Thanjavur Maharaja Serfoji’s Sarasvati Mahal library (TMSSML) and had republished it in his native.
This below book is in my private library